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authorJacob Keller <jacob.keller@gmail.com>2017-02-16 00:22:12 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2017-02-16 21:38:02 (GMT)
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reset: add an example of how to split a commit into two
It is often useful to break a commit into multiple parts that are more logical separations. This can be tricky to learn how to do without the brute-force method if re-writing code or commit messages from scratch. Add a section to the git-reset documentation which shows an example process for how to use git add -p and git commit -c HEAD@{1} to interactively break a commit apart and re-use the original commit message as a starting point when making the new commit message. Signed-off-by: Jacob Keller <jacob.keller@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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diff --git a/Documentation/git-reset.txt b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
index 25432d9..8a21198 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-reset.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-reset.txt
@@ -292,6 +292,54 @@ $ git reset --keep start <3>
<3> But you can use "reset --keep" to remove the unwanted commit after
you switched to "branch2".
+Split a commit apart into a sequence of commits::
++
+Suppose that you have created lots of logically separate changes and commited
+them together. Then, later you decide that it might be better to have each
+logical chunk associated with its own commit. You can use git reset to rewind
+history without changing the contents of your local files, and then successively
+use `git add -p` to interactively select which hunks to include into each commit,
+using `git commit -c` to pre-populate the commit message.
++
+------------
+$ git reset -N HEAD^ <1>
+$ git add -p <2>
+$ git diff --cached <3>
+$ git commit -c HEAD@{1} <4>
+... <5>
+$ git add ... <6>
+$ git diff --cached <7>
+$ git commit ... <8>
+------------
++
+<1> First, reset the history back one commit so that we remove the original
+ commit, but leave the working tree with all the changes. The -N ensures
+ that any new files added with HEAD are still marked so that git add -p
+ will find them.
+<2> Next, we interactively select diff hunks to add using the git add -p
+ facility. This will ask you about each diff hunk in sequence and you can
+ use simple commands such as "yes, include this", "No don't include this"
+ or even the very powerful "edit" facility.
+<3> Once satisfied with the hunks you want to include, you should verify what
+ has been prepared for the first commit by using git diff --cached. This
+ shows all the changes that have been moved into the index and are about
+ to be committed.
+<4> Next, commit the changes stored in the index. The -c option specifies to
+ pre-populate the commit message from the original message that you started
+ with in the first commit. This is helpful to avoid retyping it. The HEAD@{1}
+ is a special notation for the commit that HEAD used to be at prior to the
+ original reset commit (1 change ago). See linkgit:git-reflog[1] for more
+ details. You may also use any other valid commit reference.
+<5> You can repeat steps 2-4 multiple times to break the original code into
+ any number of commits.
+<6> Now you've split out many of the changes into their own commits, and might
+ no longer use the patch mode of git add, in order to select all remaining
+ uncommitted changes.
+<7> Once again, check to verify that you've included what you want to. You may
+ also wish to verify that git diff doesn't show any remaining changes to be
+ committed later.
+<8> And finally create the final commit.
+
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