summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/Documentation/git-credential.txt
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorJavier Roucher Iglesias <Javier.Roucher-Iglesias@ensimag.imag.fr>2012-06-24 11:39:59 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2012-06-25 18:55:51 (GMT)
commite30b2feb1b50c2d14d32dc3e6e41f7b20a677ff2 (patch)
tree364c41094e77b5d806ea0c2c07a77ffab499f2e0 /Documentation/git-credential.txt
parentfd378070c8171ba33a9b1aeca37085e6dfbff35b (diff)
downloadgit-e30b2feb1b50c2d14d32dc3e6e41f7b20a677ff2.zip
git-e30b2feb1b50c2d14d32dc3e6e41f7b20a677ff2.tar.gz
git-e30b2feb1b50c2d14d32dc3e6e41f7b20a677ff2.tar.bz2
add 'git credential' plumbing command
The credential API is in C, and not available to scripting languages. Expose the functionalities of the API by wrapping them into a new plumbing command "git credentials". In other words, replace the internal "test-credential" by an official Git command. Most documentation writen by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Pavel Volek <Pavel.Volek@ensimag.imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Kim Thuat Nguyen <Kim-Thuat.Nguyen@ensimag.imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Javier Roucher Iglesias <Javier.Roucher-Iglesias@ensimag.imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/git-credential.txt')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-credential.txt136
1 files changed, 136 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/git-credential.txt b/Documentation/git-credential.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e70ff89
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-credential.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+git-credential(1)
+=================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-credential - retrieve and store user credentials
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+------------------
+git credential <fill|approve|reject>
+------------------
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+Git has an internal interface for storing and retrieving credentials
+from system-specific helpers, as well as prompting the user for
+usernames and passwords. The git-credential command exposes this
+interface to scripts which may want to retrieve, store, or prompt for
+credentials in the same manner as git. The design of this scriptable
+interface models the internal C API; see
+link:technical/api-credentials.txt[the git credential API] for more
+background on the concepts.
+
+git-credential takes an "action" option on the command-line (one of
+`fill`, `approve`, or `reject`) and reads a credential description
+on stdin (see <<IOFMT,INPUT/OUTPUT FORMAT>>).
+
+If the action is `fill`, git-credential will attempt to add "username"
+and "password" attributes to the description by reading config files,
+by contacting any configured credential helpers, or by prompting the
+user. The username and password attributes of the credential
+description are then printed to stdout together with the attributes
+already provided.
+
+If the action is `approve`, git-credential will send the description
+to any configured credential helpers, which may store the credential
+for later use.
+
+If the action is `reject`, git-credential will send the description to
+any configured credential helpers, which may erase any stored
+credential matching the description.
+
+If the action is `approve` or `reject`, no output should be emitted.
+
+TYPICAL USE OF GIT CREDENTIAL
+-----------------------------
+
+An application using git-credential will typically use `git
+credential` following these steps:
+
+ 1. Generate a credential description based on the context.
++
+For example, if we want a password for
+`https://example.com/foo.git`, we might generate the following
+credential description (don't forget the blank line at the end; it
+tells `git credential` that the application finished feeding all the
+infomation it has):
+
+ protocol=https
+ host=example.com
+ path=foo.git
+
+ 2. Ask git-credential to give us a username and password for this
+ description. This is done by running `git credential fill`,
+ feeding the description from step (1) to its standard input. The
+ credential will be produced on standard output, like:
+
+ username=bob
+ password=secr3t
++
+If the `git credential` knew about the password, this step may
+not have involved the user actually typing this password (the
+user may have typed a password to unlock the keychain instead,
+or no user interaction was done if the keychain was already
+unlocked) before it returned `password=secr3t`.
+
+ 3. Use the credential (e.g., access the URL with the username and
+ password from step (2)), and see if it's accepted.
+
+ 4. Report on the success or failure of the password. If the
+ credential allowed the operation to complete successfully, then
+ it can be marked with an "approve" action to tell `git
+ credential` to reuse it in its next invocation. If the credential
+ was rejected during the operation, use the "reject" action so
+ that `git credential` will ask for a new password in its next
+ invocation. In either case, `git credential` should be fed with
+ the credential description obtained from step (2) together with
+ the ones already provided in step (1).
+
+[[IOFMT]]
+INPUT/OUTPUT FORMAT
+-------------------
+
+`git credential` reads and/or writes (depending on the action used)
+credential information in its standard input/output. These information
+can correspond either to keys for which `git credential` will obtain
+the login/password information (e.g. host, protocol, path), or to the
+actual credential data to be obtained (login/password).
+
+The credential is split into a set of named attributes.
+Attributes are provided to the helper, one per line. Each attribute is
+specified by a key-value pair, separated by an `=` (equals) sign,
+followed by a newline. The key may contain any bytes except `=`,
+newline, or NUL. The value may contain any bytes except newline or NUL.
+In both cases, all bytes are treated as-is (i.e., there is no quoting,
+and one cannot transmit a value with newline or NUL in it). The list of
+attributes is terminated by a blank line or end-of-file.
+Git will send the following attributes (but may not send all of
+them for a given credential; for example, a `host` attribute makes no
+sense when dealing with a non-network protocol):
+
+`protocol`::
+
+ The protocol over which the credential will be used (e.g.,
+ `https`).
+
+`host`::
+
+ The remote hostname for a network credential.
+
+`path`::
+
+ The path with which the credential will be used. E.g., for
+ accessing a remote https repository, this will be the
+ repository's path on the server.
+
+`username`::
+
+ The credential's username, if we already have one (e.g., from a
+ URL, from the user, or from a previously run helper).
+
+`password`::
+
+ The credential's password, if we are asking it to be stored.