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authorBrandon Williams <bmwill@google.com>2018-03-15 17:31:19 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2018-03-15 19:01:08 (GMT)
commited10cb952d315ae47d2f7f6f29333a9ee227bf6b (patch)
treea43a1a343f94885533ba29358aab9c673aa95e29
parent74e70029615ead3e7203fed715abf0dc31bcb211 (diff)
downloadgit-ed10cb952d315ae47d2f7f6f29333a9ee227bf6b.zip
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serve: introduce git-serve
Introduce git-serve, the base server for protocol version 2. Protocol version 2 is intended to be a replacement for Git's current wire protocol. The intention is that it will be a simpler, less wasteful protocol which can evolve over time. Protocol version 2 improves upon version 1 by eliminating the initial ref advertisement. In its place a server will export a list of capabilities and commands which it supports in a capability advertisement. A client can then request that a particular command be executed by providing a number of capabilities and command specific parameters. At the completion of a command, a client can request that another command be executed or can terminate the connection by sending a flush packet. Signed-off-by: Brandon Williams <bmwill@google.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
-rw-r--r--.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt170
-rw-r--r--Makefile2
-rw-r--r--builtin.h1
-rw-r--r--builtin/serve.c30
-rw-r--r--git.c1
-rw-r--r--serve.c247
-rw-r--r--serve.h15
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5701-git-serve.sh60
10 files changed, 528 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 833ef3b..2d0450c 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -140,6 +140,7 @@
/git-rm
/git-send-email
/git-send-pack
+/git-serve
/git-sh-i18n
/git-sh-i18n--envsubst
/git-sh-setup
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 4ae9ba5..b105775 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -77,6 +77,7 @@ TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-heuristics
TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-protocol
TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-capabilities
TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-common
+TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-v2
TECH_DOCS += technical/racy-git
TECH_DOCS += technical/send-pack-pipeline
TECH_DOCS += technical/shallow
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt b/Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..270b28f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,170 @@
+ Git Wire Protocol, Version 2
+==============================
+
+This document presents a specification for a version 2 of Git's wire
+protocol. Protocol v2 will improve upon v1 in the following ways:
+
+ * Instead of multiple service names, multiple commands will be
+ supported by a single service
+ * Easily extendable as capabilities are moved into their own section
+ of the protocol, no longer being hidden behind a NUL byte and
+ limited by the size of a pkt-line
+ * Separate out other information hidden behind NUL bytes (e.g. agent
+ string as a capability and symrefs can be requested using 'ls-refs')
+ * Reference advertisement will be omitted unless explicitly requested
+ * ls-refs command to explicitly request some refs
+ * Designed with http and stateless-rpc in mind. With clear flush
+ semantics the http remote helper can simply act as a proxy
+
+In protocol v2 communication is command oriented. When first contacting a
+server a list of capabilities will advertised. Some of these capabilities
+will be commands which a client can request be executed. Once a command
+has completed, a client can reuse the connection and request that other
+commands be executed.
+
+ Packet-Line Framing
+---------------------
+
+All communication is done using packet-line framing, just as in v1. See
+`Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt` and
+`Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt` for more information.
+
+In protocol v2 these special packets will have the following semantics:
+
+ * '0000' Flush Packet (flush-pkt) - indicates the end of a message
+ * '0001' Delimiter Packet (delim-pkt) - separates sections of a message
+
+ Initial Client Request
+------------------------
+
+In general a client can request to speak protocol v2 by sending
+`version=2` through the respective side-channel for the transport being
+used which inevitably sets `GIT_PROTOCOL`. More information can be
+found in `pack-protocol.txt` and `http-protocol.txt`. In all cases the
+response from the server is the capability advertisement.
+
+ Git Transport
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+When using the git:// transport, you can request to use protocol v2 by
+sending "version=2" as an extra parameter:
+
+ 003egit-upload-pack /project.git\0host=myserver.com\0\0version=2\0
+
+ SSH and File Transport
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+When using either the ssh:// or file:// transport, the GIT_PROTOCOL
+environment variable must be set explicitly to include "version=2".
+
+ HTTP Transport
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+When using the http:// or https:// transport a client makes a "smart"
+info/refs request as described in `http-protocol.txt` and requests that
+v2 be used by supplying "version=2" in the `Git-Protocol` header.
+
+ C: Git-Protocol: version=2
+ C:
+ C: GET $GIT_URL/info/refs?service=git-upload-pack HTTP/1.0
+
+A v2 server would reply:
+
+ S: 200 OK
+ S: <Some headers>
+ S: ...
+ S:
+ S: 000eversion 2\n
+ S: <capability-advertisement>
+
+Subsequent requests are then made directly to the service
+`$GIT_URL/git-upload-pack`. (This works the same for git-receive-pack).
+
+ Capability Advertisement
+--------------------------
+
+A server which decides to communicate (based on a request from a client)
+using protocol version 2, notifies the client by sending a version string
+in its initial response followed by an advertisement of its capabilities.
+Each capability is a key with an optional value. Clients must ignore all
+unknown keys. Semantics of unknown values are left to the definition of
+each key. Some capabilities will describe commands which can be requested
+to be executed by the client.
+
+ capability-advertisement = protocol-version
+ capability-list
+ flush-pkt
+
+ protocol-version = PKT-LINE("version 2" LF)
+ capability-list = *capability
+ capability = PKT-LINE(key[=value] LF)
+
+ key = 1*(ALPHA | DIGIT | "-_")
+ value = 1*(ALPHA | DIGIT | " -_.,?\/{}[]()<>!@#$%^&*+=:;")
+
+ Command Request
+-----------------
+
+After receiving the capability advertisement, a client can then issue a
+request to select the command it wants with any particular capabilities
+or arguments. There is then an optional section where the client can
+provide any command specific parameters or queries. Only a single
+command can be requested at a time.
+
+ request = empty-request | command-request
+ empty-request = flush-pkt
+ command-request = command
+ capability-list
+ [command-args]
+ flush-pkt
+ command = PKT-LINE("command=" key LF)
+ command-args = delim-pkt
+ *command-specific-arg
+
+ command-specific-args are packet line framed arguments defined by
+ each individual command.
+
+The server will then check to ensure that the client's request is
+comprised of a valid command as well as valid capabilities which were
+advertised. If the request is valid the server will then execute the
+command. A server MUST wait till it has received the client's entire
+request before issuing a response. The format of the response is
+determined by the command being executed, but in all cases a flush-pkt
+indicates the end of the response.
+
+When a command has finished, and the client has received the entire
+response from the server, a client can either request that another
+command be executed or can terminate the connection. A client may
+optionally send an empty request consisting of just a flush-pkt to
+indicate that no more requests will be made.
+
+ Capabilities
+--------------
+
+There are two different types of capabilities: normal capabilities,
+which can be used to to convey information or alter the behavior of a
+request, and commands, which are the core actions that a client wants to
+perform (fetch, push, etc).
+
+Protocol version 2 is stateless by default. This means that all commands
+must only last a single round and be stateless from the perspective of the
+server side, unless the client has requested a capability indicating that
+state should be maintained by the server. Clients MUST NOT require state
+management on the server side in order to function correctly. This
+permits simple round-robin load-balancing on the server side, without
+needing to worry about state management.
+
+ agent
+~~~~~~~
+
+The server can advertise the `agent` capability with a value `X` (in the
+form `agent=X`) to notify the client that the server is running version
+`X`. The client may optionally send its own agent string by including
+the `agent` capability with a value `Y` (in the form `agent=Y`) in its
+request to the server (but it MUST NOT do so if the server did not
+advertise the agent capability). The `X` and `Y` strings may contain any
+printable ASCII characters except space (i.e., the byte range 32 < x <
+127), and are typically of the form "package/version" (e.g.,
+"git/1.8.3.1"). The agent strings are purely informative for statistics
+and debugging purposes, and MUST NOT be used to programmatically assume
+the presence or absence of particular features.
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index c26fb93..fee1d5c 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -876,6 +876,7 @@ LIB_OBJS += revision.o
LIB_OBJS += run-command.o
LIB_OBJS += send-pack.o
LIB_OBJS += sequencer.o
+LIB_OBJS += serve.o
LIB_OBJS += server-info.o
LIB_OBJS += setup.o
LIB_OBJS += sha1-array.o
@@ -1009,6 +1010,7 @@ BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/rev-parse.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/revert.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/rm.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/send-pack.o
+BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/serve.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/shortlog.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/show-branch.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/show-ref.o
diff --git a/builtin.h b/builtin.h
index f332a12..3f3fdfc 100644
--- a/builtin.h
+++ b/builtin.h
@@ -215,6 +215,7 @@ extern int cmd_rev_parse(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_revert(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_rm(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_send_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+extern int cmd_serve(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_shortlog(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_show(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_show_branch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
diff --git a/builtin/serve.c b/builtin/serve.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d3fd240
--- /dev/null
+++ b/builtin/serve.c
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "builtin.h"
+#include "parse-options.h"
+#include "serve.h"
+
+static char const * const serve_usage[] = {
+ N_("git serve [<options>]"),
+ NULL
+};
+
+int cmd_serve(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
+{
+ struct serve_options opts = SERVE_OPTIONS_INIT;
+
+ struct option options[] = {
+ OPT_BOOL(0, "stateless-rpc", &opts.stateless_rpc,
+ N_("quit after a single request/response exchange")),
+ OPT_BOOL(0, "advertise-capabilities", &opts.advertise_capabilities,
+ N_("exit immediately after advertising capabilities")),
+ OPT_END()
+ };
+
+ /* ignore all unknown cmdline switches for now */
+ argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, options, serve_usage,
+ PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH |
+ PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN);
+ serve(&opts);
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/git.c b/git.c
index f71073d..f85d682 100644
--- a/git.c
+++ b/git.c
@@ -461,6 +461,7 @@ static struct cmd_struct commands[] = {
{ "revert", cmd_revert, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "rm", cmd_rm, RUN_SETUP },
{ "send-pack", cmd_send_pack, RUN_SETUP },
+ { "serve", cmd_serve, RUN_SETUP },
{ "shortlog", cmd_shortlog, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY | USE_PAGER },
{ "show", cmd_show, RUN_SETUP },
{ "show-branch", cmd_show_branch, RUN_SETUP },
diff --git a/serve.c b/serve.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7ddcba9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/serve.c
@@ -0,0 +1,247 @@
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "repository.h"
+#include "config.h"
+#include "pkt-line.h"
+#include "version.h"
+#include "argv-array.h"
+#include "serve.h"
+
+static int agent_advertise(struct repository *r,
+ struct strbuf *value)
+{
+ if (value)
+ strbuf_addstr(value, git_user_agent_sanitized());
+ return 1;
+}
+
+struct protocol_capability {
+ /*
+ * The name of the capability. The server uses this name when
+ * advertising this capability, and the client uses this name to
+ * specify this capability.
+ */
+ const char *name;
+
+ /*
+ * Function queried to see if a capability should be advertised.
+ * Optionally a value can be specified by adding it to 'value'.
+ * If a value is added to 'value', the server will advertise this
+ * capability as "<name>=<value>" instead of "<name>".
+ */
+ int (*advertise)(struct repository *r, struct strbuf *value);
+
+ /*
+ * Function called when a client requests the capability as a command.
+ * The function will be provided the capabilities requested via 'keys'
+ * as well as a struct packet_reader 'request' which the command should
+ * use to read the command specific part of the request. Every command
+ * MUST read until a flush packet is seen before sending a response.
+ *
+ * This field should be NULL for capabilities which are not commands.
+ */
+ int (*command)(struct repository *r,
+ struct argv_array *keys,
+ struct packet_reader *request);
+};
+
+static struct protocol_capability capabilities[] = {
+ { "agent", agent_advertise, NULL },
+};
+
+static void advertise_capabilities(void)
+{
+ struct strbuf capability = STRBUF_INIT;
+ struct strbuf value = STRBUF_INIT;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(capabilities); i++) {
+ struct protocol_capability *c = &capabilities[i];
+
+ if (c->advertise(the_repository, &value)) {
+ strbuf_addstr(&capability, c->name);
+
+ if (value.len) {
+ strbuf_addch(&capability, '=');
+ strbuf_addbuf(&capability, &value);
+ }
+
+ strbuf_addch(&capability, '\n');
+ packet_write(1, capability.buf, capability.len);
+ }
+
+ strbuf_reset(&capability);
+ strbuf_reset(&value);
+ }
+
+ packet_flush(1);
+ strbuf_release(&capability);
+ strbuf_release(&value);
+}
+
+static struct protocol_capability *get_capability(const char *key)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (!key)
+ return NULL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(capabilities); i++) {
+ struct protocol_capability *c = &capabilities[i];
+ const char *out;
+ if (skip_prefix(key, c->name, &out) && (!*out || *out == '='))
+ return c;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int is_valid_capability(const char *key)
+{
+ const struct protocol_capability *c = get_capability(key);
+
+ return c && c->advertise(the_repository, NULL);
+}
+
+static int is_command(const char *key, struct protocol_capability **command)
+{
+ const char *out;
+
+ if (skip_prefix(key, "command=", &out)) {
+ struct protocol_capability *cmd = get_capability(out);
+
+ if (*command)
+ die("command '%s' requested after already requesting command '%s'",
+ out, (*command)->name);
+ if (!cmd || !cmd->advertise(the_repository, NULL) || !cmd->command)
+ die("invalid command '%s'", out);
+
+ *command = cmd;
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int has_capability(const struct argv_array *keys, const char *capability,
+ const char **value)
+{
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < keys->argc; i++) {
+ const char *out;
+ if (skip_prefix(keys->argv[i], capability, &out) &&
+ (!*out || *out == '=')) {
+ if (value) {
+ if (*out == '=')
+ out++;
+ *value = out;
+ }
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+enum request_state {
+ PROCESS_REQUEST_KEYS,
+ PROCESS_REQUEST_DONE,
+};
+
+static int process_request(void)
+{
+ enum request_state state = PROCESS_REQUEST_KEYS;
+ struct packet_reader reader;
+ struct argv_array keys = ARGV_ARRAY_INIT;
+ struct protocol_capability *command = NULL;
+
+ packet_reader_init(&reader, 0, NULL, 0,
+ PACKET_READ_CHOMP_NEWLINE |
+ PACKET_READ_GENTLE_ON_EOF);
+
+ /*
+ * Check to see if the client closed their end before sending another
+ * request. If so we can terminate the connection.
+ */
+ if (packet_reader_peek(&reader) == PACKET_READ_EOF)
+ return 1;
+ reader.options = PACKET_READ_CHOMP_NEWLINE;
+
+ while (state != PROCESS_REQUEST_DONE) {
+ switch (packet_reader_peek(&reader)) {
+ case PACKET_READ_EOF:
+ BUG("Should have already died when seeing EOF");
+ case PACKET_READ_NORMAL:
+ /* collect request; a sequence of keys and values */
+ if (is_command(reader.line, &command) ||
+ is_valid_capability(reader.line))
+ argv_array_push(&keys, reader.line);
+ else
+ die("unknown capability '%s'", reader.line);
+
+ /* Consume the peeked line */
+ packet_reader_read(&reader);
+ break;
+ case PACKET_READ_FLUSH:
+ /*
+ * If no command and no keys were given then the client
+ * wanted to terminate the connection.
+ */
+ if (!keys.argc)
+ return 1;
+
+ /*
+ * The flush packet isn't consume here like it is in
+ * the other parts of this switch statement. This is
+ * so that the command can read the flush packet and
+ * see the end of the request in the same way it would
+ * if command specific arguments were provided after a
+ * delim packet.
+ */
+ state = PROCESS_REQUEST_DONE;
+ break;
+ case PACKET_READ_DELIM:
+ /* Consume the peeked line */
+ packet_reader_read(&reader);
+
+ state = PROCESS_REQUEST_DONE;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!command)
+ die("no command requested");
+
+ command->command(the_repository, &keys, &reader);
+
+ argv_array_clear(&keys);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Main serve loop for protocol version 2 */
+void serve(struct serve_options *options)
+{
+ if (options->advertise_capabilities || !options->stateless_rpc) {
+ /* serve by default supports v2 */
+ packet_write_fmt(1, "version 2\n");
+
+ advertise_capabilities();
+ /*
+ * If only the list of capabilities was requested exit
+ * immediately after advertising capabilities
+ */
+ if (options->advertise_capabilities)
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If stateless-rpc was requested then exit after
+ * a single request/response exchange
+ */
+ if (options->stateless_rpc) {
+ process_request();
+ } else {
+ for (;;)
+ if (process_request())
+ break;
+ }
+}
diff --git a/serve.h b/serve.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fe65ba9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/serve.h
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+#ifndef SERVE_H
+#define SERVE_H
+
+struct argv_array;
+extern int has_capability(const struct argv_array *keys, const char *capability,
+ const char **value);
+
+struct serve_options {
+ unsigned advertise_capabilities;
+ unsigned stateless_rpc;
+};
+#define SERVE_OPTIONS_INIT { 0 }
+extern void serve(struct serve_options *options);
+
+#endif /* SERVE_H */
diff --git a/t/t5701-git-serve.sh b/t/t5701-git-serve.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..affbad0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t5701-git-serve.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='test git-serve and server commands'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+test_expect_success 'test capability advertisement' '
+ cat >expect <<-EOF &&
+ version 2
+ agent=git/$(git version | cut -d" " -f3)
+ 0000
+ EOF
+
+ git serve --advertise-capabilities >out &&
+ test-pkt-line unpack <out >actual &&
+ test_cmp actual expect
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'stateless-rpc flag does not list capabilities' '
+ # Empty request
+ test-pkt-line pack >in <<-EOF &&
+ 0000
+ EOF
+ git serve --stateless-rpc >out <in &&
+ test_must_be_empty out &&
+
+ # EOF
+ git serve --stateless-rpc >out &&
+ test_must_be_empty out
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'request invalid capability' '
+ test-pkt-line pack >in <<-EOF &&
+ foobar
+ 0000
+ EOF
+ test_must_fail git serve --stateless-rpc 2>err <in &&
+ test_i18ngrep "unknown capability" err
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'request with no command' '
+ test-pkt-line pack >in <<-EOF &&
+ agent=git/test
+ 0000
+ EOF
+ test_must_fail git serve --stateless-rpc 2>err <in &&
+ test_i18ngrep "no command requested" err
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'request invalid command' '
+ test-pkt-line pack >in <<-EOF &&
+ command=foo
+ agent=git/test
+ 0000
+ EOF
+ test_must_fail git serve --stateless-rpc 2>err <in &&
+ test_i18ngrep "invalid command" err
+'
+
+test_done