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authorJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2016-03-18 20:21:09 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2016-03-23 19:04:48 (GMT)
commite379fdf34fee96cd205be83ff4e71699bdc32b18 (patch)
tree7e0298e9b6478958a4e153f241248217545cf23c
parent937978e0f3e750d917768c77665d5f8cfbd802b6 (diff)
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merge: refuse to create too cool a merge by default
While it makes sense to allow merging unrelated histories of two projects that started independently into one, in the way "gitk" was merged to "git" itself aka "the coolest merge ever", such a merge is still an unusual event. Worse, if somebody creates an independent history by starting from a tarball of an established project and sends a pull request to the original project, "git merge" however happily creates such a merge without any sign of something unusual is happening. Teach "git merge" to refuse to create such a merge by default, unless the user passes a new "--allow-unrelated-histories" option to tell it that the user is aware that two unrelated projects are merged. Because such a "two project merge" is a rare event, a configuration option to always allow such a merge is not added. We could add the same option to "git pull" and have it passed through to underlying "git merge". I do not have a fundamental opposition against such a feature, but this commit does not do so and instead leaves it as low-hanging fruit for others, because such a "two project merge" would be done after fetching the other project into some location in the working tree of an existing project and making sure how well they fit together, it is sufficient to allow a local merge without such an option pass-through from "git pull" to "git merge". Many tests that are updated by this patch does the pass-through manually by turning: git pull something into its equivalent: git fetch something && git merge --allow-unrelated-histories FETCH_HEAD If somebody is inclined to add such an option, updated tests in this change need to be adjusted back to: git pull --allow-unrelated-histories something Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-merge.txt13
-rw-r--r--builtin/merge.c12
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3033-merge-toplevel.sh16
-rwxr-xr-xt/t3412-rebase-root.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5500-fetch-pack.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6009-rev-list-parent.sh4
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6010-merge-base.sh6
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6012-rev-list-simplify.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6026-merge-attr.sh3
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6029-merge-subtree.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t6101-rev-parse-parents.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh3
12 files changed, 57 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/git-merge.txt b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
index 07f7295..689aa4c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-merge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-merge.txt
@@ -98,6 +98,19 @@ commit or stash your changes before running 'git merge'.
'git merge --abort' is equivalent to 'git reset --merge' when
`MERGE_HEAD` is present.
+--allow-unrelated-histories::
+ By default, `git merge` command refuses to merge histories
+ that do not share a common ancestor. This option can be
+ used to override this safety when merging histories of two
+ projects that started their lives independently. As that is
+ a very rare occasion, no configuration variable to enable
+ this by default exists and will not be added, and the list
+ of options at the top of this documentation does not mention
+ this option. Also `git pull` does not pass this option down
+ to `git merge` (instead, you `git fetch` first, examine what
+ you will be merging and then `git merge` locally with this
+ option).
+
<commit>...::
Commits, usually other branch heads, to merge into our branch.
Specifying more than one commit will create a merge with
diff --git a/builtin/merge.c b/builtin/merge.c
index 101ffef..e3db41b 100644
--- a/builtin/merge.c
+++ b/builtin/merge.c
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ static int option_renormalize;
static int verbosity;
static int allow_rerere_auto;
static int abort_current_merge;
+static int allow_unrelated_histories;
static int show_progress = -1;
static int default_to_upstream = 1;
static const char *sign_commit;
@@ -221,6 +222,8 @@ static struct option builtin_merge_options[] = {
OPT__VERBOSITY(&verbosity),
OPT_BOOL(0, "abort", &abort_current_merge,
N_("abort the current in-progress merge")),
+ OPT_BOOL(0, "allow-unrelated-histories", &allow_unrelated_histories,
+ N_("allow merging unrelated histories")),
OPT_SET_INT(0, "progress", &show_progress, N_("force progress reporting"), 1),
{ OPTION_STRING, 'S', "gpg-sign", &sign_commit, N_("key-id"),
N_("GPG sign commit"), PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, NULL, (intptr_t) "" },
@@ -1397,9 +1400,12 @@ int cmd_merge(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
update_ref("updating ORIG_HEAD", "ORIG_HEAD", head_commit->object.oid.hash,
NULL, 0, UPDATE_REFS_DIE_ON_ERR);
- if (remoteheads && !common)
- ; /* No common ancestors found. We need a real merge. */
- else if (!remoteheads ||
+ if (remoteheads && !common) {
+ /* No common ancestors found. */
+ if (!allow_unrelated_histories)
+ die(_("refusing to merge unrelated histories"));
+ /* otherwise, we need a real merge. */
+ } else if (!remoteheads ||
(!remoteheads->next && !common->next &&
common->item == remoteheads->item)) {
/*
diff --git a/t/t3033-merge-toplevel.sh b/t/t3033-merge-toplevel.sh
index 46aadc4..c1379b0 100755
--- a/t/t3033-merge-toplevel.sh
+++ b/t/t3033-merge-toplevel.sh
@@ -19,6 +19,8 @@ test_expect_success setup '
test_commit three &&
git checkout right &&
test_commit four &&
+ git checkout --orphan five &&
+ test_commit five &&
git checkout master
'
@@ -133,4 +135,18 @@ test_expect_success 'merge FETCH_HEAD octopus non-fast-forward' '
test_cmp expect actual
'
+# two-project merge
+test_expect_success 'refuse two-project merge by default' '
+ t3033_reset &&
+ git reset --hard four &&
+ test_must_fail git merge five
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'two-project merge with --allow-unrelated-histories' '
+ t3033_reset &&
+ git reset --hard four &&
+ git merge --allow-unrelated-histories five &&
+ git diff --exit-code five
+'
+
test_done
diff --git a/t/t3412-rebase-root.sh b/t/t3412-rebase-root.sh
index 0b52105..73a39f2 100755
--- a/t/t3412-rebase-root.sh
+++ b/t/t3412-rebase-root.sh
@@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ test_expect_success 'set up second root and merge' '
rm A B C &&
test_commit 6 D &&
git checkout other &&
- git merge third
+ git merge --allow-unrelated-histories third
'
cat > expect-third <<'EOF'
diff --git a/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh b/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh
index 3a9b775..2569580 100755
--- a/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh
+++ b/t/t5500-fetch-pack.sh
@@ -259,7 +259,8 @@ test_expect_success 'clone shallow object count' '
test_expect_success 'pull in shallow repo with missing merge base' '
(
cd shallow &&
- test_must_fail git pull --depth 4 .. A
+ git fetch --depth 4 .. A
+ test_must_fail git merge --allow-unrelated-histories FETCH_HEAD
)
'
@@ -279,9 +280,10 @@ test_expect_success 'clone shallow depth count' '
test_expect_success 'clone shallow object count' '
(
cd shallow &&
+ git prune &&
git count-objects -v
) > count.shallow &&
- grep "^count: 55" count.shallow
+ grep "^count: 54" count.shallow
'
test_expect_success 'fetch --no-shallow on full repo' '
diff --git a/t/t6009-rev-list-parent.sh b/t/t6009-rev-list-parent.sh
index 66cda17..20e3e25 100755
--- a/t/t6009-rev-list-parent.sh
+++ b/t/t6009-rev-list-parent.sh
@@ -47,7 +47,9 @@ test_expect_success 'setup roots, merges and octopuses' '
git checkout -b yetanotherbranch four &&
test_commit eight &&
git checkout master &&
- test_merge normalmerge newroot &&
+ test_tick &&
+ git merge --allow-unrelated-histories -m normalmerge newroot &&
+ git tag normalmerge &&
test_tick &&
git merge -m tripus sidebranch anotherbranch &&
git tag tripus &&
diff --git a/t/t6010-merge-base.sh b/t/t6010-merge-base.sh
index 39b3238..e0c5f44 100755
--- a/t/t6010-merge-base.sh
+++ b/t/t6010-merge-base.sh
@@ -215,11 +215,13 @@ test_expect_success 'criss-cross merge-base for octopus-step' '
git reset --hard E &&
test_commit CC2 &&
test_tick &&
- git merge -s ours CC1 &&
+ # E is a root commit unrelated to MMR root on which CC1 is based
+ git merge -s ours --allow-unrelated-histories CC1 &&
test_commit CC-o &&
test_commit CCB &&
git reset --hard CC1 &&
- git merge -s ours CC2 &&
+ # E is a root commit unrelated to MMR root on which CC1 is based
+ git merge -s ours --allow-unrelated-histories CC2 &&
test_commit CCA &&
git rev-parse CC1 CC2 >expected &&
diff --git a/t/t6012-rev-list-simplify.sh b/t/t6012-rev-list-simplify.sh
index b89cd6b..2a0fbb8 100755
--- a/t/t6012-rev-list-simplify.sh
+++ b/t/t6012-rev-list-simplify.sh
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ test_expect_success setup '
note J &&
git checkout master &&
- test_tick && git merge -m "Coolest" unrelated &&
+ test_tick && git merge --allow-unrelated-histories -m "Coolest" unrelated &&
note K &&
echo "Immaterial" >elif &&
diff --git a/t/t6026-merge-attr.sh b/t/t6026-merge-attr.sh
index 04c0509..ef0cbce 100755
--- a/t/t6026-merge-attr.sh
+++ b/t/t6026-merge-attr.sh
@@ -176,7 +176,8 @@ test_expect_success 'up-to-date merge without common ancestor' '
test_tick &&
(
cd repo1 &&
- git pull ../repo2 master
+ git fetch ../repo2 master &&
+ git merge --allow-unrelated-histories FETCH_HEAD
)
'
diff --git a/t/t6029-merge-subtree.sh b/t/t6029-merge-subtree.sh
index 73fc240..3e69245 100755
--- a/t/t6029-merge-subtree.sh
+++ b/t/t6029-merge-subtree.sh
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ test_expect_success 'setup' '
test_expect_success 'initial merge' '
git remote add -f gui ../git-gui &&
- git merge -s ours --no-commit gui/master &&
+ git merge -s ours --no-commit --allow-unrelated-histories gui/master &&
git read-tree --prefix=git-gui/ -u gui/master &&
git commit -m "Merge git-gui as our subdirectory" &&
git checkout -b work &&
diff --git a/t/t6101-rev-parse-parents.sh b/t/t6101-rev-parse-parents.sh
index 10b1452..1c6952d 100755
--- a/t/t6101-rev-parse-parents.sh
+++ b/t/t6101-rev-parse-parents.sh
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ test_expect_success 'setup' '
git checkout --orphan tmp &&
test_commit start2 &&
git checkout master &&
- git merge -m next start2 &&
+ git merge -m next --allow-unrelated-histories start2 &&
test_commit final &&
test_seq 40 |
diff --git a/t/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh b/t/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh
index 6146c3f..bc19811 100755
--- a/t/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh
+++ b/t/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh
@@ -45,7 +45,8 @@ test_expect_success 'setup' '
touch secondrootfile &&
git add secondrootfile &&
git commit -m "second root") &&
- git pull secondroot master &&
+ git fetch secondroot master &&
+ git merge --allow-unrelated-histories FETCH_HEAD &&
git clone -q --bare "$WORKDIR/.git" "$SERVERDIR" >/dev/null 2>&1 &&
GIT_DIR="$SERVERDIR" git config --bool gitcvs.enabled true &&
GIT_DIR="$SERVERDIR" git config gitcvs.logfile "$SERVERDIR/gitcvs.log" &&