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authorÆvar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com>2011-05-14 13:47:42 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2011-05-15 03:29:05 (GMT)
commitba67aaf2d05d1aa3def2b6eb1dc1d39bdf25bb41 (patch)
tree15f27ac94caeb38f927abe430a7026f9c223bdbb
parent4e3aa87d13b339fa678cd3cb7f23664d3a48fb21 (diff)
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git-sh-i18n--envsubst: our own envsubst(1) for eval_gettext()
Add a git-sh-i18n--envsubst program which is a stripped-down version of the GNU envsubst(1) program that comes with GNU gettext for use in the eval_gettext() fallback. We need a C helper program because implementing eval_gettext() purely in shell turned out to be unworkable. Digging through the Git mailing list archives will reveal two shell implementations of eval_gettext that are almost good enough, but fail on an edge case which is tested for in the tests which are part of this patch. These are the modifications I made to envsubst.c as I turned it into sh-i18n--envsubst.c: * Added our git-compat-util.h header for xrealloc() and friends. * Removed inclusion of gettext-specific headers. * Removed most of main() and replaced it with my own. The modified version only does option parsing for --variables. That's all it needs. * Modified error() invocations to use our error() instead of error(3). * Replaced the gettext XNMALLOC(n, size) macro with just xmalloc(n). Since XNMALLOC() only allocated char's. * Removed the string_list_destroy function. It's redundant (also in the upstream code). * Replaced the use of stdbool.h (a C99 header) by doing the following replacements on the code: * s/bool/unsigned short int/g * s/true/1/g * s/false/0/g Reported-by: Johannes Sixt <j.sixt@viscovery.net> Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
-rw-r--r--.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/git-sh-i18n--envsubst.txt26
-rw-r--r--Makefile1
-rw-r--r--sh-i18n--envsubst.c444
-rwxr-xr-xt/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh51
5 files changed, 524 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 711fce7..1ccf797 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -127,6 +127,8 @@
/git-rm
/git-send-email
/git-send-pack
+/git-sh-i18n
+/git-sh-i18n--envsubst
/git-sh-setup
/git-shell
/git-shortlog
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sh-i18n--envsubst.txt b/Documentation/git-sh-i18n--envsubst.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f5bbf77
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/git-sh-i18n--envsubst.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+git-sh-i18n--envsubst(1)
+========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-sh-i18n--envsubst - Git's own envsubst(1) for i18n fallbacks
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+
+This is not a command the end user would want to run. Ever.
+This documentation is meant for people who are studying the
+plumbing scripts and/or are writing new ones.
+
+git-sh-i18n--envsubst is Git's stripped-down copy of the GNU
+`envsubst(1)` program that comes with the GNU gettext package. It's
+used internally by linkgit:git-sh-i18n[1] to interpolate the variables
+passed to the the `eval_gettext` function.
+
+No promises are made about the interface, or that this
+program won't disappear without warning in the next version
+of Git. Don't use it.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index ef57c1c..87c83cb 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -414,6 +414,7 @@ PROGRAM_OBJS += shell.o
PROGRAM_OBJS += show-index.o
PROGRAM_OBJS += upload-pack.o
PROGRAM_OBJS += http-backend.o
+PROGRAM_OBJS += sh-i18n--envsubst.o
PROGRAMS += $(patsubst %.o,git-%$X,$(PROGRAM_OBJS))
diff --git a/sh-i18n--envsubst.c b/sh-i18n--envsubst.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7125093
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sh-i18n--envsubst.c
@@ -0,0 +1,444 @@
+/*
+ * sh-i18n--envsubst.c - a stripped-down version of gettext's envsubst(1)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
+ *
+ * This is a modified version of
+ * 67d0871a8c:gettext-runtime/src/envsubst.c from the gettext.git
+ * repository. It has been stripped down to only implement the
+ * envsubst(1) features that we need in the git-sh-i18n fallbacks.
+ *
+ * The "Close standard error" part in main() is from
+ * 8dac033df0:gnulib-local/lib/closeout.c. The copyright notices for
+ * both files are reproduced immediately below.
+ */
+
+#include "git-compat-util.h"
+
+/* Substitution of environment variables in shell format strings.
+ Copyright (C) 2003-2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+ Written by Bruno Haible <bruno@clisp.org>, 2003.
+
+ This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
+ any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA. */
+
+/* closeout.c - close standard output and standard error
+ Copyright (C) 1998-2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+ This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
+ any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA. */
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+/* If true, substitution shall be performed on all variables. */
+static unsigned short int all_variables;
+
+/* Forward declaration of local functions. */
+static void print_variables (const char *string);
+static void note_variables (const char *string);
+static void subst_from_stdin (void);
+
+int
+main (int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ /* Default values for command line options. */
+ unsigned short int show_variables = 0;
+
+ switch (argc)
+ {
+ case 1:
+ error ("we won't substitute all variables on stdin for you");
+ /*
+ all_variables = 1;
+ subst_from_stdin ();
+ */
+ case 2:
+ /* echo '$foo and $bar' | git sh-i18n--envsubst --variables '$foo and $bar' */
+ all_variables = 0;
+ note_variables (argv[1]);
+ subst_from_stdin ();
+ break;
+ case 3:
+ /* git sh-i18n--envsubst --variables '$foo and $bar' */
+ if (strcmp(argv[1], "--variables"))
+ error ("first argument must be --variables when two are given");
+ show_variables = 1;
+ print_variables (argv[2]);
+ break;
+ default:
+ error ("too many arguments");
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* Close standard error. This is simpler than fwriteerror_no_ebadf, because
+ upon failure we don't need an errno - all we can do at this point is to
+ set an exit status. */
+ errno = 0;
+ if (ferror (stderr) || fflush (stderr))
+ {
+ fclose (stderr);
+ exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+ }
+ if (fclose (stderr) && errno != EBADF)
+ exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+
+ exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
+}
+
+/* Parse the string and invoke the callback each time a $VARIABLE or
+ ${VARIABLE} construct is seen, where VARIABLE is a nonempty sequence
+ of ASCII alphanumeric/underscore characters, starting with an ASCII
+ alphabetic/underscore character.
+ We allow only ASCII characters, to avoid dependencies w.r.t. the current
+ encoding: While "${\xe0}" looks like a variable access in ISO-8859-1
+ encoding, it doesn't look like one in the BIG5, BIG5-HKSCS, GBK, GB18030,
+ SHIFT_JIS, JOHAB encodings, because \xe0\x7d is a single character in these
+ encodings. */
+static void
+find_variables (const char *string,
+ void (*callback) (const char *var_ptr, size_t var_len))
+{
+ for (; *string != '\0';)
+ if (*string++ == '$')
+ {
+ const char *variable_start;
+ const char *variable_end;
+ unsigned short int valid;
+ char c;
+
+ if (*string == '{')
+ string++;
+
+ variable_start = string;
+ c = *string;
+ if ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') || c == '_')
+ {
+ do
+ c = *++string;
+ while ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z')
+ || (c >= '0' && c <= '9') || c == '_');
+ variable_end = string;
+
+ if (variable_start[-1] == '{')
+ {
+ if (*string == '}')
+ {
+ string++;
+ valid = 1;
+ }
+ else
+ valid = 0;
+ }
+ else
+ valid = 1;
+
+ if (valid)
+ callback (variable_start, variable_end - variable_start);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+
+/* Print a variable to stdout, followed by a newline. */
+static void
+print_variable (const char *var_ptr, size_t var_len)
+{
+ fwrite (var_ptr, var_len, 1, stdout);
+ putchar ('\n');
+}
+
+/* Print the variables contained in STRING to stdout, each one followed by a
+ newline. */
+static void
+print_variables (const char *string)
+{
+ find_variables (string, &print_variable);
+}
+
+
+/* Type describing list of immutable strings,
+ implemented using a dynamic array. */
+typedef struct string_list_ty string_list_ty;
+struct string_list_ty
+{
+ const char **item;
+ size_t nitems;
+ size_t nitems_max;
+};
+
+/* Initialize an empty list of strings. */
+static inline void
+string_list_init (string_list_ty *slp)
+{
+ slp->item = NULL;
+ slp->nitems = 0;
+ slp->nitems_max = 0;
+}
+
+/* Append a single string to the end of a list of strings. */
+static inline void
+string_list_append (string_list_ty *slp, const char *s)
+{
+ /* Grow the list. */
+ if (slp->nitems >= slp->nitems_max)
+ {
+ size_t nbytes;
+
+ slp->nitems_max = slp->nitems_max * 2 + 4;
+ nbytes = slp->nitems_max * sizeof (slp->item[0]);
+ slp->item = (const char **) xrealloc (slp->item, nbytes);
+ }
+
+ /* Add the string to the end of the list. */
+ slp->item[slp->nitems++] = s;
+}
+
+/* Compare two strings given by reference. */
+static int
+cmp_string (const void *pstr1, const void *pstr2)
+{
+ const char *str1 = *(const char **)pstr1;
+ const char *str2 = *(const char **)pstr2;
+
+ return strcmp (str1, str2);
+}
+
+/* Sort a list of strings. */
+static inline void
+string_list_sort (string_list_ty *slp)
+{
+ if (slp->nitems > 0)
+ qsort (slp->item, slp->nitems, sizeof (slp->item[0]), cmp_string);
+}
+
+/* Test whether a string list contains a given string. */
+static inline int
+string_list_member (const string_list_ty *slp, const char *s)
+{
+ size_t j;
+
+ for (j = 0; j < slp->nitems; ++j)
+ if (strcmp (slp->item[j], s) == 0)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Test whether a sorted string list contains a given string. */
+static int
+sorted_string_list_member (const string_list_ty *slp, const char *s)
+{
+ size_t j1, j2;
+
+ j1 = 0;
+ j2 = slp->nitems;
+ if (j2 > 0)
+ {
+ /* Binary search. */
+ while (j2 - j1 > 1)
+ {
+ /* Here we know that if s is in the list, it is at an index j
+ with j1 <= j < j2. */
+ size_t j = (j1 + j2) >> 1;
+ int result = strcmp (slp->item[j], s);
+
+ if (result > 0)
+ j2 = j;
+ else if (result == 0)
+ return 1;
+ else
+ j1 = j + 1;
+ }
+ if (j2 > j1)
+ if (strcmp (slp->item[j1], s) == 0)
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+/* Set of variables on which to perform substitution.
+ Used only if !all_variables. */
+static string_list_ty variables_set;
+
+/* Adds a variable to variables_set. */
+static void
+note_variable (const char *var_ptr, size_t var_len)
+{
+ char *string = xmalloc (var_len + 1);
+ memcpy (string, var_ptr, var_len);
+ string[var_len] = '\0';
+
+ string_list_append (&variables_set, string);
+}
+
+/* Stores the variables occurring in the string in variables_set. */
+static void
+note_variables (const char *string)
+{
+ string_list_init (&variables_set);
+ find_variables (string, &note_variable);
+ string_list_sort (&variables_set);
+}
+
+
+static int
+do_getc (void)
+{
+ int c = getc (stdin);
+
+ if (c == EOF)
+ {
+ if (ferror (stdin))
+ error ("error while reading standard input");
+ }
+
+ return c;
+}
+
+static inline void
+do_ungetc (int c)
+{
+ if (c != EOF)
+ ungetc (c, stdin);
+}
+
+/* Copies stdin to stdout, performing substitutions. */
+static void
+subst_from_stdin (void)
+{
+ static char *buffer;
+ static size_t bufmax;
+ static size_t buflen;
+ int c;
+
+ for (;;)
+ {
+ c = do_getc ();
+ if (c == EOF)
+ break;
+ /* Look for $VARIABLE or ${VARIABLE}. */
+ if (c == '$')
+ {
+ unsigned short int opening_brace = 0;
+ unsigned short int closing_brace = 0;
+
+ c = do_getc ();
+ if (c == '{')
+ {
+ opening_brace = 1;
+ c = do_getc ();
+ }
+ if ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') || c == '_')
+ {
+ unsigned short int valid;
+
+ /* Accumulate the VARIABLE in buffer. */
+ buflen = 0;
+ do
+ {
+ if (buflen >= bufmax)
+ {
+ bufmax = 2 * bufmax + 10;
+ buffer = xrealloc (buffer, bufmax);
+ }
+ buffer[buflen++] = c;
+
+ c = do_getc ();
+ }
+ while ((c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') || (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z')
+ || (c >= '0' && c <= '9') || c == '_');
+
+ if (opening_brace)
+ {
+ if (c == '}')
+ {
+ closing_brace = 1;
+ valid = 1;
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ valid = 0;
+ do_ungetc (c);
+ }
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ valid = 1;
+ do_ungetc (c);
+ }
+
+ if (valid)
+ {
+ /* Terminate the variable in the buffer. */
+ if (buflen >= bufmax)
+ {
+ bufmax = 2 * bufmax + 10;
+ buffer = xrealloc (buffer, bufmax);
+ }
+ buffer[buflen] = '\0';
+
+ /* Test whether the variable shall be substituted. */
+ if (!all_variables
+ && !sorted_string_list_member (&variables_set, buffer))
+ valid = 0;
+ }
+
+ if (valid)
+ {
+ /* Substitute the variable's value from the environment. */
+ const char *env_value = getenv (buffer);
+
+ if (env_value != NULL)
+ fputs (env_value, stdout);
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ /* Perform no substitution at all. Since the buffered input
+ contains no other '$' than at the start, we can just
+ output all the buffered contents. */
+ putchar ('$');
+ if (opening_brace)
+ putchar ('{');
+ fwrite (buffer, buflen, 1, stdout);
+ if (closing_brace)
+ putchar ('}');
+ }
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ do_ungetc (c);
+ putchar ('$');
+ if (opening_brace)
+ putchar ('{');
+ }
+ }
+ else
+ putchar (c);
+ }
+}
diff --git a/t/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh b/t/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..54d98b9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t0201-gettext-fallbacks.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2010 Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
+#
+
+test_description='Gettext Shell fallbacks'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+. "$GIT_BUILD_DIR"/git-sh-i18n
+
+test_expect_success 'gettext: our gettext() fallback has pass-through semantics' '
+ printf "test" >expect &&
+ gettext "test" >actual &&
+ test_i18ncmp expect actual &&
+ printf "test more words" >expect &&
+ gettext "test more words" >actual &&
+ test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback has pass-through semantics' '
+ printf "test" >expect &&
+ eval_gettext "test" >actual &&
+ test_i18ncmp expect actual &&
+ printf "test more words" >expect &&
+ eval_gettext "test more words" >actual &&
+ test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback can interpolate variables' '
+ printf "test YesPlease" >expect &&
+ GIT_INTERNAL_GETTEXT_TEST_FALLBACKS=YesPlease eval_gettext "test \$GIT_INTERNAL_GETTEXT_TEST_FALLBACKS" >actual &&
+ test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback can interpolate variables with spaces' '
+ cmdline="git am" &&
+ export cmdline;
+ printf "When you have resolved this problem run git am --resolved." >expect &&
+ eval_gettext "When you have resolved this problem run \$cmdline --resolved." >actual
+ test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'eval_gettext: our eval_gettext() fallback can interpolate variables with spaces and quotes' '
+ cmdline="git am" &&
+ export cmdline;
+ printf "When you have resolved this problem run \"git am --resolved\"." >expect &&
+ eval_gettext "When you have resolved this problem run \"\$cmdline --resolved\"." >actual
+ test_i18ncmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_done