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authorJonathan Tan <jonathantanmy@google.com>2021-05-04 21:16:01 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2021-05-05 01:41:29 (GMT)
commit9c1e657a8fd26fa3ed8d13fb8c796cef8db8b124 (patch)
tree79ed7a1763a89a1be268af86dda6110a2d0c2a1a
parent6871d0cec62dc12d0c5f7390eee8a80614919578 (diff)
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fetch: teach independent negotiation (no packfile)
Currently, the packfile negotiation step within a Git fetch cannot be done independent of sending the packfile, even though there is at least one application wherein this is useful. Therefore, make it possible for this negotiation step to be done independently. A subsequent commit will use this for one such application - push negotiation. This feature is for protocol v2 only. (An implementation for protocol v0 would require a separate implementation in the fetch, transport, and transport helper code.) In the protocol, the main hindrance towards independent negotiation is that the server can unilaterally decide to send the packfile. This is solved by a "wait-for-done" argument: the server will then wait for the client to say "done". In practice, the client will never say it; instead it will cease requests once it is satisfied. In the client, the main change lies in the transport and transport helper code. fetch_refs_via_pack() performs everything needed - protocol version and capability checks, and the negotiation itself. There are 2 code paths that do not go through fetch_refs_via_pack() that needed to be individually excluded: the bundle transport (excluded through requiring smart_options, which the bundle transport doesn't support) and transport helpers that do not support takeover. If or when we support independent negotiation for protocol v0, we will need to modify these 2 code paths to support it. But for now, report failure if independent negotiation is requested in these cases. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Tan <jonathantanmy@google.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt8
-rw-r--r--builtin/fetch.c27
-rw-r--r--fetch-pack.c111
-rw-r--r--fetch-pack.h14
-rw-r--r--object.h2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5701-git-serve.sh2
-rwxr-xr-xt/t5702-protocol-v2.sh89
-rw-r--r--transport-helper.c10
-rw-r--r--transport.c30
-rw-r--r--transport.h6
-rw-r--r--upload-pack.c18
11 files changed, 300 insertions, 17 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt b/Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt
index a7c806a..0b371d8 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt
@@ -346,6 +346,14 @@ explained below.
client should download from all given URIs. Currently, the
protocols supported are "http" and "https".
+If the 'wait-for-done' feature is advertised, the following argument
+can be included in the client's request.
+
+ wait-for-done
+ Indicates to the server that it should never send "ready", but
+ should wait for the client to say "done" before sending the
+ packfile.
+
The response of `fetch` is broken into a number of sections separated by
delimiter packets (0001), with each section beginning with its section
header. Most sections are sent only when the packfile is sent.
diff --git a/builtin/fetch.c b/builtin/fetch.c
index 0b90de8..a732295 100644
--- a/builtin/fetch.c
+++ b/builtin/fetch.c
@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ static struct string_list server_options = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;
static struct string_list negotiation_tip = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
static int fetch_write_commit_graph = -1;
static int stdin_refspecs = 0;
+static int negotiate_only;
static int git_fetch_config(const char *k, const char *v, void *cb)
{
@@ -202,6 +203,8 @@ static struct option builtin_fetch_options[] = {
TRANSPORT_FAMILY_IPV6),
OPT_STRING_LIST(0, "negotiation-tip", &negotiation_tip, N_("revision"),
N_("report that we have only objects reachable from this object")),
+ OPT_BOOL(0, "negotiate-only", &negotiate_only,
+ N_("do not fetch a packfile; instead, print ancestors of negotiation tips")),
OPT_PARSE_LIST_OBJECTS_FILTER(&filter_options),
OPT_BOOL(0, "auto-maintenance", &enable_auto_gc,
N_("run 'maintenance --auto' after fetching")),
@@ -1986,7 +1989,29 @@ int cmd_fetch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
}
}
- if (remote) {
+ if (negotiate_only) {
+ struct oidset acked_commits = OIDSET_INIT;
+ struct oidset_iter iter;
+ const struct object_id *oid;
+
+ if (!remote)
+ die(_("must supply remote when using --negotiate-only"));
+ gtransport = prepare_transport(remote, 1);
+ if (gtransport->smart_options) {
+ gtransport->smart_options->acked_commits = &acked_commits;
+ } else {
+ warning(_("Protocol does not support --negotiate-only, exiting."));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if (server_options.nr)
+ gtransport->server_options = &server_options;
+ result = transport_fetch_refs(gtransport, NULL);
+
+ oidset_iter_init(&acked_commits, &iter);
+ while ((oid = oidset_iter_next(&iter)))
+ printf("%s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
+ oidset_clear(&acked_commits);
+ } else if (remote) {
if (filter_options.choice || has_promisor_remote())
fetch_one_setup_partial(remote);
result = fetch_one(remote, argc, argv, prune_tags_ok, stdin_refspecs);
diff --git a/fetch-pack.c b/fetch-pack.c
index 512fe54..c135635 100644
--- a/fetch-pack.c
+++ b/fetch-pack.c
@@ -23,6 +23,8 @@
#include "fetch-negotiator.h"
#include "fsck.h"
#include "shallow.h"
+#include "commit-reach.h"
+#include "commit-graph.h"
static int transfer_unpack_limit = -1;
static int fetch_unpack_limit = -1;
@@ -45,6 +47,8 @@ static struct string_list uri_protocols = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;
/* Remember to update object flag allocation in object.h */
#define COMPLETE (1U << 0)
#define ALTERNATE (1U << 1)
+#define COMMON (1U << 6)
+#define REACH_SCRATCH (1U << 7)
/*
* After sending this many "have"s if we do not get any new ACK , we
@@ -1523,10 +1527,10 @@ enum fetch_state {
FETCH_DONE,
};
-static void do_check_stateless_delimiter(const struct fetch_pack_args *args,
+static void do_check_stateless_delimiter(int stateless_rpc,
struct packet_reader *reader)
{
- check_stateless_delimiter(args->stateless_rpc, reader,
+ check_stateless_delimiter(stateless_rpc, reader,
_("git fetch-pack: expected response end packet"));
}
@@ -1622,7 +1626,7 @@ static struct ref *do_fetch_pack_v2(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
*/
state = FETCH_GET_PACK;
} else {
- do_check_stateless_delimiter(args, &reader);
+ do_check_stateless_delimiter(args->stateless_rpc, &reader);
state = FETCH_SEND_REQUEST;
}
break;
@@ -1645,7 +1649,7 @@ static struct ref *do_fetch_pack_v2(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
packfile_uris.nr ? &index_pack_args : NULL,
sought, nr_sought, &fsck_options.gitmodules_found))
die(_("git fetch-pack: fetch failed."));
- do_check_stateless_delimiter(args, &reader);
+ do_check_stateless_delimiter(args->stateless_rpc, &reader);
state = FETCH_DONE;
break;
@@ -1962,6 +1966,105 @@ cleanup:
return ref_cpy;
}
+static int add_to_object_array(const struct object_id *oid, void *data)
+{
+ struct object_array *a = data;
+
+ add_object_array(lookup_object(the_repository, oid), "", a);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void clear_common_flag(struct oidset *s)
+{
+ struct oidset_iter iter;
+ const struct object_id *oid;
+ oidset_iter_init(s, &iter);
+
+ while ((oid = oidset_iter_next(&iter))) {
+ struct object *obj = lookup_object(the_repository, oid);
+ obj->flags &= ~COMMON;
+ }
+}
+
+void negotiate_using_fetch(const struct oid_array *negotiation_tips,
+ const struct string_list *server_options,
+ int stateless_rpc,
+ int fd[],
+ struct oidset *acked_commits)
+{
+ struct fetch_negotiator negotiator;
+ struct packet_reader reader;
+ struct object_array nt_object_array = OBJECT_ARRAY_INIT;
+ struct strbuf req_buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+ int haves_to_send = INITIAL_FLUSH;
+ int in_vain = 0;
+ int seen_ack = 0;
+ int last_iteration = 0;
+ timestamp_t min_generation = GENERATION_NUMBER_INFINITY;
+
+ fetch_negotiator_init(the_repository, &negotiator);
+ mark_tips(&negotiator, negotiation_tips);
+
+ packet_reader_init(&reader, fd[0], NULL, 0,
+ PACKET_READ_CHOMP_NEWLINE |
+ PACKET_READ_DIE_ON_ERR_PACKET);
+
+ oid_array_for_each((struct oid_array *) negotiation_tips,
+ add_to_object_array,
+ &nt_object_array);
+
+ while (!last_iteration) {
+ int haves_added;
+ struct object_id common_oid;
+ int received_ready = 0;
+
+ strbuf_reset(&req_buf);
+ write_fetch_command_and_capabilities(&req_buf, server_options);
+
+ packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "wait-for-done");
+
+ haves_added = add_haves(&negotiator, &req_buf, &haves_to_send);
+ in_vain += haves_added;
+ if (!haves_added || (seen_ack && in_vain >= MAX_IN_VAIN))
+ last_iteration = 1;
+
+ /* Send request */
+ packet_buf_flush(&req_buf);
+ if (write_in_full(fd[1], req_buf.buf, req_buf.len) < 0)
+ die_errno(_("unable to write request to remote"));
+
+ /* Process ACKs/NAKs */
+ process_section_header(&reader, "acknowledgments", 0);
+ while (process_ack(&negotiator, &reader, &common_oid,
+ &received_ready)) {
+ struct commit *commit = lookup_commit(the_repository,
+ &common_oid);
+ if (commit) {
+ timestamp_t generation;
+
+ parse_commit_or_die(commit);
+ commit->object.flags |= COMMON;
+ generation = commit_graph_generation(commit);
+ if (generation < min_generation)
+ min_generation = generation;
+ }
+ in_vain = 0;
+ seen_ack = 1;
+ oidset_insert(acked_commits, &common_oid);
+ }
+ if (received_ready)
+ die(_("unexpected 'ready' from remote"));
+ else
+ do_check_stateless_delimiter(stateless_rpc, &reader);
+ if (can_all_from_reach_with_flag(&nt_object_array, COMMON,
+ REACH_SCRATCH, 0,
+ min_generation))
+ last_iteration = 1;
+ }
+ clear_common_flag(acked_commits);
+ strbuf_release(&req_buf);
+}
+
int report_unmatched_refs(struct ref **sought, int nr_sought)
{
int i, ret = 0;
diff --git a/fetch-pack.h b/fetch-pack.h
index f114d72..7f94a2a 100644
--- a/fetch-pack.h
+++ b/fetch-pack.h
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#include "run-command.h"
#include "protocol.h"
#include "list-objects-filter-options.h"
+#include "oidset.h"
struct oid_array;
@@ -82,6 +83,19 @@ struct ref *fetch_pack(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
enum protocol_version version);
/*
+ * Execute the --negotiate-only mode of "git fetch", adding all known common
+ * commits to acked_commits.
+ *
+ * In the capability advertisement that has happened prior to invoking this
+ * function, the "wait-for-done" capability must be present.
+ */
+void negotiate_using_fetch(const struct oid_array *negotiation_tips,
+ const struct string_list *server_options,
+ int stateless_rpc,
+ int fd[],
+ struct oidset *acked_commits);
+
+/*
* Print an appropriate error message for each sought ref that wasn't
* matched. Return 0 if all sought refs were matched, otherwise 1.
*/
diff --git a/object.h b/object.h
index 59daadc..4806fa8 100644
--- a/object.h
+++ b/object.h
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ struct object_array {
/*
* object flag allocation:
* revision.h: 0---------10 15 23------26
- * fetch-pack.c: 01
+ * fetch-pack.c: 01 67
* negotiator/default.c: 2--5
* walker.c: 0-2
* upload-pack.c: 4 11-----14 16-----19
diff --git a/t/t5701-git-serve.sh b/t/t5701-git-serve.sh
index 509f379..f03bb04 100755
--- a/t/t5701-git-serve.sh
+++ b/t/t5701-git-serve.sh
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ test_expect_success 'test capability advertisement' '
version 2
agent=git/$(git version | cut -d" " -f3)
ls-refs=unborn
- fetch=shallow
+ fetch=shallow wait-for-done
server-option
object-format=$(test_oid algo)
0000
diff --git a/t/t5702-protocol-v2.sh b/t/t5702-protocol-v2.sh
index 2e1243c..66af411 100755
--- a/t/t5702-protocol-v2.sh
+++ b/t/t5702-protocol-v2.sh
@@ -585,6 +585,49 @@ test_expect_success 'deepen-relative' '
test_cmp expected actual
'
+setup_negotiate_only () {
+ SERVER="$1"
+ URI="$2"
+
+ rm -rf "$SERVER" client
+
+ git init "$SERVER"
+ test_commit -C "$SERVER" one
+ test_commit -C "$SERVER" two
+
+ git clone "$URI" client
+ test_commit -C client three
+}
+
+test_expect_success 'file:// --negotiate-only' '
+ SERVER="server" &&
+ URI="file://$(pwd)/server" &&
+
+ setup_negotiate_only "$SERVER" "$URI" &&
+
+ git -c protocol.version=2 -C client fetch \
+ --no-tags \
+ --negotiate-only \
+ --negotiation-tip=$(git -C client rev-parse HEAD) \
+ origin >out &&
+ COMMON=$(git -C "$SERVER" rev-parse two) &&
+ grep "$COMMON" out
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'file:// --negotiate-only with protocol v0' '
+ SERVER="server" &&
+ URI="file://$(pwd)/server" &&
+
+ setup_negotiate_only "$SERVER" "$URI" &&
+
+ test_must_fail git -c protocol.version=0 -C client fetch \
+ --no-tags \
+ --negotiate-only \
+ --negotiation-tip=$(git -C client rev-parse HEAD) \
+ origin 2>err &&
+ test_i18ngrep "negotiate-only requires protocol v2" err
+'
+
# Test protocol v2 with 'http://' transport
#
. "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/lib-httpd.sh
@@ -1035,6 +1078,52 @@ test_expect_success 'packfile-uri with transfer.fsckobjects fails when .gitmodul
test_i18ngrep "disallowed submodule name" err
'
+test_expect_success 'http:// --negotiate-only' '
+ SERVER="$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/server" &&
+ URI="$HTTPD_URL/smart/server" &&
+
+ setup_negotiate_only "$SERVER" "$URI" &&
+
+ git -c protocol.version=2 -C client fetch \
+ --no-tags \
+ --negotiate-only \
+ --negotiation-tip=$(git -C client rev-parse HEAD) \
+ origin >out &&
+ COMMON=$(git -C "$SERVER" rev-parse two) &&
+ grep "$COMMON" out
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'http:// --negotiate-only without wait-for-done support' '
+ SERVER="server" &&
+ URI="$HTTPD_URL/one_time_perl/server" &&
+
+ setup_negotiate_only "$SERVER" "$URI" &&
+
+ echo "s/ wait-for-done/ xxxx-xxx-xxxx/" \
+ >"$HTTPD_ROOT_PATH/one-time-perl" &&
+
+ test_must_fail git -c protocol.version=2 -C client fetch \
+ --no-tags \
+ --negotiate-only \
+ --negotiation-tip=$(git -C client rev-parse HEAD) \
+ origin 2>err &&
+ test_i18ngrep "server does not support wait-for-done" err
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'http:// --negotiate-only with protocol v0' '
+ SERVER="$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/server" &&
+ URI="$HTTPD_URL/smart/server" &&
+
+ setup_negotiate_only "$SERVER" "$URI" &&
+
+ test_must_fail git -c protocol.version=0 -C client fetch \
+ --no-tags \
+ --negotiate-only \
+ --negotiation-tip=$(git -C client rev-parse HEAD) \
+ origin 2>err &&
+ test_i18ngrep "negotiate-only requires protocol v2" err
+'
+
# DO NOT add non-httpd-specific tests here, because the last part of this
# test script is only executed when httpd is available and enabled.
diff --git a/transport-helper.c b/transport-helper.c
index 4cd7636..4be035e 100644
--- a/transport-helper.c
+++ b/transport-helper.c
@@ -684,6 +684,16 @@ static int fetch(struct transport *transport,
return transport->vtable->fetch(transport, nr_heads, to_fetch);
}
+ /*
+ * If we reach here, then the server, the client, and/or the transport
+ * helper does not support protocol v2. --negotiate-only requires
+ * protocol v2.
+ */
+ if (data->transport_options.acked_commits) {
+ warning(_("--negotiate-only requires protocol v2"));
+ return -1;
+ }
+
if (!data->get_refs_list_called)
get_refs_list_using_list(transport, 0);
diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
index ef66e73..80caeaa 100644
--- a/transport.c
+++ b/transport.c
@@ -392,16 +392,29 @@ static int fetch_refs_via_pack(struct transport *transport,
else if (data->version <= protocol_v1)
die_if_server_options(transport);
+ if (data->options.acked_commits) {
+ if (data->version < protocol_v2) {
+ warning(_("--negotiate-only requires protocol v2"));
+ ret = -1;
+ } else if (!server_supports_feature("fetch", "wait-for-done", 0)) {
+ warning(_("server does not support wait-for-done"));
+ ret = -1;
+ } else {
+ negotiate_using_fetch(data->options.negotiation_tips,
+ transport->server_options,
+ transport->stateless_rpc,
+ data->fd,
+ data->options.acked_commits);
+ ret = 0;
+ }
+ goto cleanup;
+ }
+
refs = fetch_pack(&args, data->fd,
refs_tmp ? refs_tmp : transport->remote_refs,
to_fetch, nr_heads, &data->shallow,
&transport->pack_lockfiles, data->version);
- close(data->fd[0]);
- close(data->fd[1]);
- if (finish_connect(data->conn))
- ret = -1;
- data->conn = NULL;
data->got_remote_heads = 0;
data->options.self_contained_and_connected =
args.self_contained_and_connected;
@@ -412,6 +425,13 @@ static int fetch_refs_via_pack(struct transport *transport,
if (report_unmatched_refs(to_fetch, nr_heads))
ret = -1;
+cleanup:
+ close(data->fd[0]);
+ close(data->fd[1]);
+ if (finish_connect(data->conn))
+ ret = -1;
+ data->conn = NULL;
+
free_refs(refs_tmp);
free_refs(refs);
return ret;
diff --git a/transport.h b/transport.h
index 4d5db0a..1cbab11 100644
--- a/transport.h
+++ b/transport.h
@@ -47,6 +47,12 @@ struct git_transport_options {
* transport_set_option().
*/
struct oid_array *negotiation_tips;
+
+ /*
+ * If allocated, whenever transport_fetch_refs() is called, add known
+ * common commits to this oidset instead of fetching any packfiles.
+ */
+ struct oidset *acked_commits;
};
enum transport_family {
diff --git a/upload-pack.c b/upload-pack.c
index e19583a..b432ef0 100644
--- a/upload-pack.c
+++ b/upload-pack.c
@@ -103,6 +103,7 @@ struct upload_pack_data {
unsigned use_ofs_delta : 1;
unsigned no_progress : 1;
unsigned use_include_tag : 1;
+ unsigned wait_for_done : 1;
unsigned allow_filter : 1;
unsigned allow_filter_fallback : 1;
unsigned long tree_filter_max_depth;
@@ -1496,6 +1497,10 @@ static void process_args(struct packet_reader *request,
data->done = 1;
continue;
}
+ if (!strcmp(arg, "wait-for-done")) {
+ data->wait_for_done = 1;
+ continue;
+ }
/* Shallow related arguments */
if (process_shallow(arg, &data->shallows))
@@ -1578,7 +1583,7 @@ static int send_acks(struct upload_pack_data *data, struct oid_array *acks)
oid_to_hex(&acks->oid[i]));
}
- if (ok_to_give_up(data)) {
+ if (!data->wait_for_done && ok_to_give_up(data)) {
/* Send Ready */
packet_writer_write(&data->writer, "ready\n");
return 1;
@@ -1668,10 +1673,13 @@ int upload_pack_v2(struct repository *r, struct strvec *keys,
case FETCH_PROCESS_ARGS:
process_args(request, &data);
- if (!data.want_obj.nr) {
+ if (!data.want_obj.nr && !data.wait_for_done) {
/*
- * Request didn't contain any 'want' lines,
- * guess they didn't want anything.
+ * Request didn't contain any 'want' lines (and
+ * the request does not contain
+ * "wait-for-done", in which it is reasonable
+ * to just send 'have's without 'want's); guess
+ * they didn't want anything.
*/
state = FETCH_DONE;
} else if (data.haves.nr) {
@@ -1723,7 +1731,7 @@ int upload_pack_advertise(struct repository *r,
int allow_sideband_all_value;
char *str = NULL;
- strbuf_addstr(value, "shallow");
+ strbuf_addstr(value, "shallow wait-for-done");
if (!repo_config_get_bool(the_repository,
"uploadpack.allowfilter",