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authorJunio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>2005-05-14 07:25:06 (GMT)
committerPetr Baudis <xpasky@machine.sinus.cz>2005-05-14 16:14:45 (GMT)
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[PATCH 2/2] Test framework documentation.
This adds instruction for running tests, and writing new tests. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net> Updated to the new tidied up output style. Signed-off-by: Petr Baudis <pasky@ucw.cz>
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+Core GIT Tests
+==============
+
+This directory holds many test scripts for core GIT tools. The
+first part of this short document describes how to run the tests
+and read their output.
+
+When fixing the tools or adding enhancements, you are strongly
+encouraged to add tests in this directory to cover what you are
+trying to fix or enhance. The later part of this short document
+describes how your test scripts should be organized.
+
+
+Running Tests
+-------------
+
+The easiest way to run tests is to say "make". This runs all
+the tests.
+
+ *** t0000-basic.sh ***
+ * ok 1: .git/objects should be empty after git-init-db in an empty repo.
+ * ok 2: .git/objects should have 256 subdirectories.
+ * ok 3: git-update-cache without --add should fail adding.
+ ...
+ * ok 23: no diff after checkout and git-update-cache --refresh.
+ * passed all 23 test(s)
+ *** t0100-environment-names.sh ***
+ * ok 1: using old names should issue warnings.
+ * ok 2: using old names but having new names should not issue warnings.
+ ...
+
+Or you can run each test individually from command line, like
+this:
+
+ $ sh ./t0500-ls-files.sh
+ * ok 1: git-update-cache --add to add various paths.
+ * ok 2: git-ls-files -k to show killed files.
+ * ok 3: validate git-ls-files -k output.
+ * passed all 3 test(s)
+
+You can pass --verbose (or -v), --debug (or -d), and --immediate
+(or -i) command line argument to the test.
+
+--verbose::
+ This makes the test more verbose. Specifically, the
+ command being run and their output if any are also
+ output.
+
+--debug::
+ This may help the person who is developing a new test.
+ It causes the command defined with test_debug to run.
+
+--immediate::
+ This causes the test to immediately exit upon the first
+ failed test.
+
+
+Writing Tests
+-------------
+
+The test script is written as a shell script. It should start
+with the standard "#!/bin/sh" with copyright notices, and an
+assignment to variable 'test_description', like this:
+
+ #!/bin/sh
+ #
+ # Copyright (c) 2005 Junio C Hamano
+ #
+
+ test_description=xxx test (option --frotz)
+
+ This test registers the following structure in the cache
+ and tries to run git-ls-files with option --frotz.'
+
+Source 'test-lib.sh'
+--------------------
+
+After assigning test_description, the test script should source
+test-lib.sh like this:
+
+ . ./test-lib.sh
+
+This test harness library does the following things:
+
+ - If the script is invoked with command line argument --help
+ (or -h), it shows the test_description and exits.
+
+ - Creates an empty test directory with an empty .git/objects
+ database and chdir(2) into it. This directory is 't/trash'
+ if you must know, but I do not think you care.
+
+ - Defines standard test helper functions for your scripts to
+ use. These functions are designed to make all scripts behave
+ consistently when command line arguments --verbose (or -v),
+ --debug (or -d), and --immediate (or -i) is given.
+
+
+End with test_done
+------------------
+
+Your script will be a sequence of tests, using helper functions
+from the test harness library. At the end of the script, call
+'test_done'.
+
+
+Test harness library
+--------------------
+
+There are a handful helper functions defined in the test harness
+library for your script to use.
+
+ - test_expect_success <message> <script>
+
+ This takes two strings as parameter, and evaluates the
+ <script>. If it yields success, test is considered
+ successful. <message> should state what it is testing.
+
+ Example:
+
+ test_expect_success \
+ 'git-write-tree should be able to write an empty tree.' \
+ 'tree=$(git-write-tree)'
+
+ - test_expect_failure <message> <script>
+
+ This is the opposite of test_expect_success. If <script>
+ yields success, test is considered a failure.
+
+ Example:
+
+ test_expect_failure \
+ 'git-update-cache without --add should fail adding.' \
+ 'git-update-cache should-be-empty'
+
+ - test_debug <script>
+
+ This takes a single argument, <script>, and evaluates it only
+ when the test script is started with --debug command line
+ argument. This is primarily meant for use during the
+ development of a new test script.
+
+ - test_done
+
+ Your test script must have test_done at the end. Its purpose
+ is to summarize successes and failures in the test script and
+ exit with an appropriate error code.
+
+
+Tips for Writing Tests
+----------------------
+
+As with any programming projects, existing programs are the best
+source of the information. However, do _not_ emulate
+t0000-basic.sh when writing your tests. The test is special in
+that it tries to validate the very core of GIT. For example, it
+knows that there will be 256 subdirectories under .git/objects/,
+and it knows that the object ID of an empty tree is a certain
+40-byte string. This is deliberately done so in t0000-basic.sh
+because the things the very basic core test tries to achieve is
+to serve as a basis for people who are changing the GIT internal
+drastically. For these people, after making certain changes,
+not seeing failures from the basic test _is_ a failure. And
+such drastic changes to the core GIT that even changes these
+otherwise supposedly stable object IDs should be accompanied by
+an update to t0000-basic.sh.
+
+However, other tests that simply rely on basic parts of the core
+GIT working properly should not have that level of intimate
+knowledge of the core GIT internals. If all the test scripts
+hardcoded the object IDs like t0000-basic.sh does, that defeats
+the purpose of t0000-basic.sh, which is to isolate that level of
+validation in one place. Your test also ends up needing
+updating when such a change to the internal happens, so do _not_
+do it and leave the low level of validation to t0000-basic.sh.