diff options
authorDerrick Stolee <>2019-11-21 22:04:40 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2019-11-22 07:11:44 (GMT)
commit879321eb0bec25779386445d65242452825155be (patch)
parente6152e35ff287ab58e2c17065f02cb1be9f4a0aa (diff)
sparse-checkout: add 'cone' mode
The sparse-checkout feature can have quadratic performance as the number of patterns and number of entries in the index grow. If there are 1,000 patterns and 1,000,000 entries, this time can be very significant. Create a new Boolean config option, core.sparseCheckoutCone, to indicate that we expect the sparse-checkout file to contain a more limited set of patterns. This is a separate config setting from core.sparseCheckout to avoid breaking older clients by introducing a tri-state option. The config option does nothing right now, but will be expanded upon in a later commit. Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
6 files changed, 85 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/config/core.txt b/Documentation/config/core.txt
index 852d2ba..bdbbee5 100644
--- a/Documentation/config/core.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config/core.txt
@@ -593,8 +593,14 @@ core.multiPackIndex::
multi-pack-index design document].
- Enable "sparse checkout" feature. See section "Sparse checkout" in
- linkgit:git-read-tree[1] for more information.
+ Enable "sparse checkout" feature. See linkgit:git-sparse-checkout[1]
+ for more information.
+ Enables the "cone mode" of the sparse checkout feature. When the
+ sparse-checkout file contains a limited set of patterns, then this
+ mode provides significant performance advantages. See
+ linkgit:git-sparse-checkout[1] for more information.
Set the length object names are abbreviated to. If
diff --git a/Documentation/git-sparse-checkout.txt b/Documentation/git-sparse-checkout.txt
index c2cb19f..8535f0c 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-sparse-checkout.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-sparse-checkout.txt
@@ -80,7 +80,9 @@ the sparse-checkout file.
To repopulate the working directory with all files, use the
`git sparse-checkout disable` command.
By default, the sparse-checkout file uses the same syntax as `.gitignore`
@@ -95,6 +97,57 @@ using negative patterns. For example, to remove the file `unwanted`:
+The full pattern set allows for arbitrary pattern matches and complicated
+inclusion/exclusion rules. These can result in O(N*M) pattern matches when
+updating the index, where N is the number of patterns and M is the number
+of paths in the index. To combat this performance issue, a more restricted
+pattern set is allowed when `core.spareCheckoutCone` is enabled.
+The accepted patterns in the cone pattern set are:
+1. *Recursive:* All paths inside a directory are included.
+2. *Parent:* All files immediately inside a directory are included.
+In addition to the above two patterns, we also expect that all files in the
+root directory are included. If a recursive pattern is added, then all
+leading directories are added as parent patterns.
+By default, when running `git sparse-checkout init`, the root directory is
+added as a parent pattern. At this point, the sparse-checkout file contains
+the following patterns:
+This says "include everything in root, but nothing two levels below root."
+If we then add the folder `A/B/C` as a recursive pattern, the folders `A` and
+`A/B` are added as parent patterns. The resulting sparse-checkout file is
+Here, order matters, so the negative patterns are overridden by the positive
+patterns that appear lower in the file.
+If `core.sparseCheckoutCone=true`, then Git will parse the sparse-checkout file
+expecting patterns of these types. Git will warn if the patterns do not match.
+If the patterns do match the expected format, then Git will use faster hash-
+based algorithms to compute inclusion in the sparse-checkout.
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index 04cabaa..4980ee1 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -918,12 +918,14 @@ extern char *git_replace_ref_base;
extern int fsync_object_files;
extern int core_preload_index;
-extern int core_apply_sparse_checkout;
extern int precomposed_unicode;
extern int protect_hfs;
extern int protect_ntfs;
extern const char *core_fsmonitor;
+int core_apply_sparse_checkout;
+int core_sparse_checkout_cone;
* Include broken refs in all ref iterations, which will
* generally choke dangerous operations rather than letting
diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index e7052b3..d75f88c 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -1364,6 +1364,11 @@ static int git_default_core_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
return 0;
+ if (!strcmp(var, "core.sparsecheckoutcone")) {
+ core_sparse_checkout_cone = git_config_bool(var, value);
+ return 0;
+ }
if (!strcmp(var, "core.precomposeunicode")) {
precomposed_unicode = git_config_bool(var, value);
return 0;
diff --git a/environment.c b/environment.c
index efa0726..2a1a866 100644
--- a/environment.c
+++ b/environment.c
@@ -67,6 +67,7 @@ enum object_creation_mode object_creation_mode = OBJECT_CREATION_MODE;
char *notes_ref_name;
int grafts_replace_parents = 1;
int core_apply_sparse_checkout;
+int core_sparse_checkout_cone;
int merge_log_config = -1;
int precomposed_unicode = -1; /* see probe_utf8_pathname_composition() */
unsigned long pack_size_limit_cfg;
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index c385c62..0b2715d 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -148,6 +148,20 @@ test_expect_success 'set sparse-checkout using --stdin' '
test_cmp expect dir
+test_expect_success 'cone mode: match patterns' '
+ git -C repo config --worktree core.sparseCheckoutCone true &&
+ rm -rf repo/a repo/folder1 repo/folder2 &&
+ git -C repo read-tree -mu HEAD &&
+ git -C repo reset --hard &&
+ ls repo >dir &&
+ cat >expect <<-EOF &&
+ a
+ folder1
+ folder2
+ test_cmp expect dir
test_expect_success 'sparse-checkout disable' '
git -C repo sparse-checkout disable &&
test_path_is_missing repo/.git/info/sparse-checkout &&