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authorStefan Beller <sbeller@google.com>2016-07-14 21:49:45 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2016-07-14 22:50:17 (GMT)
commit77a9745d19b2b308c1ce97d18053322d1471bc4c (patch)
treef5227a0371e0bc9783a771bea067675a661f6180
parent5c589a73de4394ad125a4effac227b3aec856fa1 (diff)
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push options: {pre,post}-receive hook learns about push options
The environment variable GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT is set to the number of push options sent, and GIT_PUSH_OPTION_{0,1,..} is set to the transmitted option. The code is not executed as the push options are set to NULL, nor is the new capability advertised. There was some discussion back and forth how to present these push options to the user as there are some ways to do it: Keep all options in one environment variable ============================================ + easiest way to implement in Git - This would make things hard to parse correctly in the hook. Put the options in files instead, filenames are in GIT_PUSH_OPTION_FILES ====================================== + After a discussion about environment variables and shells, we may not want to put user data into an environment variable (see [1] for example). + We could transmit binaries, i.e. we're not bound to C strings as we are when using environment variables to the user. + Maybe easier to parse than constructing environment variable names GIT_PUSH_OPTION_{0,1,..} yourself - cleanup of the temporary files is hard to do reliably - we have race conditions with multiple clients pushing, hence we'd need to use mkstemp. That's not too bad, but still. Use environment variables, but restrict to key/value pairs ========================================================== (When the user pushes a push option `foo=bar`, we'd GIT_PUSH_OPTION_foo=bar) + very easy to parse for a simple model of push options - it's not sufficient for more elaborate models, e.g. it doesn't allow doubles (e.g. cc=reviewer@email) Present the options in different environment variables ====================================================== (This is implemented) * harder to parse as a user, but we have a sample hook for that. - doesn't allow binary files + allows the same option twice, i.e. is not restrictive about options, except for binary files. + doesn't clutter a remote directory with (possibly stale) temporary files As we first want to focus on getting simple strings to work reliably, we go with the last option for now. If we want to do transmission of binaries later, we can just attach a 'side-channel', e.g. "any push option that contains a '\0' is put into a file instead of the environment variable and we'd have new GIT_PUSH_OPTION_FILES, GIT_PUSH_OPTION_FILENAME_{0,1,..} environment variables". [1] 'Shellshock' https://lwn.net/Articles/614218/ Signed-off-by: Stefan Beller <sbeller@google.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/githooks.txt18
-rw-r--r--builtin/receive-pack.c47
-rw-r--r--templates/hooks--pre-receive.sample24
3 files changed, 76 insertions, 13 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/githooks.txt b/Documentation/githooks.txt
index d82e912..9565dc3 100644
--- a/Documentation/githooks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/githooks.txt
@@ -247,6 +247,15 @@ Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to
'git send-pack' on the other end, so you can simply `echo` messages
for the user.
+The number of push options given on the command line of
+`git push --push-option=...` can be read from the environment
+variable `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT`, and the options themselves are
+found in `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_0`, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_1`,...
+If it is negotiated to not use the push options phase, the
+environment variables will not be set. If the client selects
+to use push options, but doesn't transmit any, the count variable
+will be set to zero, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=0`.
+
[[update]]
update
~~~~~~
@@ -322,6 +331,15 @@ a sample script `post-receive-email` provided in the `contrib/hooks`
directory in Git distribution, which implements sending commit
emails.
+The number of push options given on the command line of
+`git push --push-option=...` can be read from the environment
+variable `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT`, and the options themselves are
+found in `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_0`, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_1`,...
+If it is negotiated to not use the push options phase, the
+environment variables will not be set. If the client selects
+to use push options, but doesn't transmit any, the count variable
+will be set to zero, `GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=0`.
+
[[post-update]]
post-update
~~~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/builtin/receive-pack.c b/builtin/receive-pack.c
index 15c323a..6cdd2c6 100644
--- a/builtin/receive-pack.c
+++ b/builtin/receive-pack.c
@@ -550,8 +550,16 @@ static void prepare_push_cert_sha1(struct child_process *proc)
}
}
+struct receive_hook_feed_state {
+ struct command *cmd;
+ int skip_broken;
+ struct strbuf buf;
+ const struct string_list *push_options;
+};
+
typedef int (*feed_fn)(void *, const char **, size_t *);
-static int run_and_feed_hook(const char *hook_name, feed_fn feed, void *feed_state)
+static int run_and_feed_hook(const char *hook_name, feed_fn feed,
+ struct receive_hook_feed_state *feed_state)
{
struct child_process proc = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
struct async muxer;
@@ -567,6 +575,16 @@ static int run_and_feed_hook(const char *hook_name, feed_fn feed, void *feed_sta
proc.argv = argv;
proc.in = -1;
proc.stdout_to_stderr = 1;
+ if (feed_state->push_options) {
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < feed_state->push_options->nr; i++)
+ argv_array_pushf(&proc.env_array,
+ "GIT_PUSH_OPTION_%d=%s", i,
+ feed_state->push_options->items[i].string);
+ argv_array_pushf(&proc.env_array, "GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT=%d",
+ feed_state->push_options->nr);
+ } else
+ argv_array_pushf(&proc.env_array, "GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT");
if (use_sideband) {
memset(&muxer, 0, sizeof(muxer));
@@ -606,12 +624,6 @@ static int run_and_feed_hook(const char *hook_name, feed_fn feed, void *feed_sta
return finish_command(&proc);
}
-struct receive_hook_feed_state {
- struct command *cmd;
- int skip_broken;
- struct strbuf buf;
-};
-
static int feed_receive_hook(void *state_, const char **bufp, size_t *sizep)
{
struct receive_hook_feed_state *state = state_;
@@ -634,8 +646,10 @@ static int feed_receive_hook(void *state_, const char **bufp, size_t *sizep)
return 0;
}
-static int run_receive_hook(struct command *commands, const char *hook_name,
- int skip_broken)
+static int run_receive_hook(struct command *commands,
+ const char *hook_name,
+ int skip_broken,
+ const struct string_list *push_options)
{
struct receive_hook_feed_state state;
int status;
@@ -646,6 +660,7 @@ static int run_receive_hook(struct command *commands, const char *hook_name,
if (feed_receive_hook(&state, NULL, NULL))
return 0;
state.cmd = commands;
+ state.push_options = push_options;
status = run_and_feed_hook(hook_name, feed_receive_hook, &state);
strbuf_release(&state.buf);
return status;
@@ -1316,7 +1331,8 @@ cleanup:
static void execute_commands(struct command *commands,
const char *unpacker_error,
- struct shallow_info *si)
+ struct shallow_info *si,
+ const struct string_list *push_options)
{
struct command *cmd;
unsigned char sha1[20];
@@ -1335,7 +1351,7 @@ static void execute_commands(struct command *commands,
reject_updates_to_hidden(commands);
- if (run_receive_hook(commands, "pre-receive", 0)) {
+ if (run_receive_hook(commands, "pre-receive", 0, push_options)) {
for (cmd = commands; cmd; cmd = cmd->next) {
if (!cmd->error_string)
cmd->error_string = "pre-receive hook declined";
@@ -1756,6 +1772,7 @@ int cmd_receive_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
if ((commands = read_head_info(&shallow)) != NULL) {
const char *unpack_status = NULL;
+ struct string_list push_options = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;
prepare_shallow_info(&si, &shallow);
if (!si.nr_ours && !si.nr_theirs)
@@ -1764,13 +1781,17 @@ int cmd_receive_pack(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
unpack_status = unpack_with_sideband(&si);
update_shallow_info(commands, &si, &ref);
}
- execute_commands(commands, unpack_status, &si);
+ execute_commands(commands, unpack_status, &si,
+ &push_options);
if (pack_lockfile)
unlink_or_warn(pack_lockfile);
if (report_status)
report(commands, unpack_status);
- run_receive_hook(commands, "post-receive", 1);
+ run_receive_hook(commands, "post-receive", 1,
+ &push_options);
run_update_post_hook(commands);
+ if (push_options.nr)
+ string_list_clear(&push_options, 0);
if (auto_gc) {
const char *argv_gc_auto[] = {
"gc", "--auto", "--quiet", NULL,
diff --git a/templates/hooks--pre-receive.sample b/templates/hooks--pre-receive.sample
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a1fd29e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/templates/hooks--pre-receive.sample
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# An example hook script to make use of push options.
+# The example simply echoes all push options that start with 'echoback='
+# and rejects all pushes when the "reject" push option is used.
+#
+# To enable this hook, rename this file to "pre-receive".
+
+if test -n "$GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT"
+then
+ i=0
+ while test "$i" -lt "$GIT_PUSH_OPTION_COUNT"
+ do
+ eval "value=\$GIT_PUSH_OPTION_$i"
+ case "$value" in
+ echoback=*)
+ echo "echo from the pre-receive-hook: ${value#*=}" >&2
+ ;;
+ reject)
+ exit 1
+ esac
+ i=$((i + 1))
+ done
+fi