diff options
authorJeff King <>2017-06-15 13:52:17 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2017-06-15 21:39:15 (GMT)
commit6eced3ec5e5d7fbe61de2791e2627b1acf1246b3 (patch)
parent22280d7ee7a4286542e14dd0784cb29703ebb389 (diff)
date: use localtime() for "-local" time formats
When we convert seconds-since-epochs timestamps into a broken-down "struct tm", we do so by adjusting the timestamp according to the known offset and then using gmtime() to break down the result. This means that the resulting struct "knows" that it's in GMT, even though the time it represents is adjusted for a different zone. The fields where it stores this data are not portably accessible, so we have no way to override them to tell them the real zone info. For the most part, this works. Our date-formatting routines don't pay attention to these inaccessible fields, and use the same tz info we provided for adjustment. The one exception is when we call strftime(), whose %Z format reveals this hidden timezone data. We solved that by always showing the empty string for %Z. This is allowed by POSIX, but not very helpful to the user. We can't make this work in the general case, as there's no portable function for setting an arbitrary timezone (and anyway, we don't have the zone name for the author zones, only their offsets). But for the special case of the "-local" formats, we can just skip the adjustment and use localtime() instead of gmtime(). This makes --date=format-local:%Z work correctly, showing the local timezone instead of an empty string. The new test checks the result for "UTC", our default test-lib value for $TZ. Using something like EST5 might be more interesting, but the actual zone string is system-dependent (for instance, on my system it expands to just EST). Hopefully "UTC" is vanilla enough that every system treats it the same. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2 files changed, 13 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/date.c b/date.c
index 6eccbd8..5580c40 100644
--- a/date.c
+++ b/date.c
@@ -60,6 +60,12 @@ static struct tm *time_to_tm(unsigned long time, int tz)
return gmtime(&t);
+static struct tm *time_to_tm_local(unsigned long time)
+ time_t t = time;
+ return localtime(&t);
* What value of "tz" was in effect back then at "time" in the
* local timezone?
@@ -201,7 +207,10 @@ const char *show_date(unsigned long time, int tz, const struct date_mode *mode)
return timebuf.buf;
- tm = time_to_tm(time, tz);
+ if (mode->local)
+ tm = time_to_tm_local(time);
+ else
+ tm = time_to_tm(time, tz);
if (!tm) {
tm = time_to_tm(0, 0);
tz = 0;
@@ -233,7 +242,8 @@ const char *show_date(unsigned long time, int tz, const struct date_mode *mode)
month_names[tm->tm_mon], tm->tm_year + 1900,
tm->tm_hour, tm->tm_min, tm->tm_sec, tz);
else if (mode->type == DATE_STRFTIME)
- strbuf_addftime(&timebuf, mode->strftime_fmt, tm, tz, "");
+ strbuf_addftime(&timebuf, mode->strftime_fmt, tm, tz,
+ mode->local ? NULL : "");
strbuf_addf(&timebuf, "%.3s %.3s %d %02d:%02d:%02d %d%c%+05d",
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index 4b789c0..8e219b7 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ check_show unix-local "$TIME" '1466000000'
check_show 'format:%z' "$TIME" '+0200'
check_show 'format-local:%z' "$TIME" '+0000'
check_show 'format:%Z' "$TIME" ''
+check_show 'format-local:%Z' "$TIME" 'UTC'
check_show 'format:%%z' "$TIME" '%z'
check_show 'format-local:%%z' "$TIME" '%z'