diff options
authorJeff King <>2011-10-14 18:03:48 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2011-10-14 18:42:37 (GMT)
commit4c08018204f95c492c0ad7b033b8f57ccc2e43f5 (patch)
parent703f05ad5835cff92b12c29aecf8d724c8c847e2 (diff)
pack-objects: protect against disappearing packs
It's possible that while pack-objects is running, a simultaneously running prune process might delete a pack that we are interested in. Because we load the pack indices early on, we know that the pack contains our item, but by the time we try to open and map it, it is gone. Since c715f78, we already protect against this in the normal object access code path, but pack-objects accesses the packs at a lower level. In the normal access path, we call find_pack_entry, which will call find_pack_entry_one on each pack index, which does the actual lookup. If it gets a hit, we will actually open and verify the validity of the matching packfile (using c715f78's is_pack_valid). If we can't open it, we'll issue a warning and pretend that we didn't find it, causing us to go on to the next pack (or on to loose objects). Furthermore, we will cache the descriptor to the opened packfile. Which means that later, when we actually try to access the object, we are likely to still have that packfile opened, and won't care if it has been unlinked from the filesystem. Notice the "likely" above. If there is another pack access in the interim, and we run out of descriptors, we could close the pack. And then a later attempt to access the closed pack could fail (we'll try to re-open it, of course, but it may have been deleted). In practice, this doesn't happen because we tend to look up items and then access them immediately. Pack-objects does not follow this code path. Instead, it accesses the packs at a much lower level, using find_pack_entry_one directly. This means we skip the is_pack_valid check, and may end up with the name of a packfile, but no open descriptor. We can add the same is_pack_valid check here. Unfortunately, the access patterns of pack-objects are not quite as nice for keeping lookup and object access together. We look up each object as we find out about it, and the only later when writing the packfile do we necessarily access it. Which means that the opened packfile may be closed in the interim. In practice, however, adding this check still has value, for three reasons. 1. If you have a reasonable number of packs and/or a reasonable file descriptor limit, you can keep all of your packs open simultaneously. If this is the case, then the race is impossible to trigger. 2. Even if you can't keep all packs open at once, you may end up keeping the deleted one open (i.e., you may get lucky). 3. The race window is shortened. You may notice early that the pack is gone, and not try to access it. Triggering the problem without this check means deleting the pack any time after we read the list of index files, but before we access the looked-up objects. Triggering it with this check means deleting the pack means deleting the pack after we do a lookup (and successfully access the packfile), but before we access the object. Which is a smaller window. Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
3 files changed, 6 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/builtin/pack-objects.c b/builtin/pack-objects.c
index a9c67c1..fd40410 100644
--- a/builtin/pack-objects.c
+++ b/builtin/pack-objects.c
@@ -804,6 +804,10 @@ static int add_object_entry(const unsigned char *sha1, enum object_type type,
off_t offset = find_pack_entry_one(sha1, p);
if (offset) {
if (!found_pack) {
+ if (!is_pack_valid(p)) {
+ error("packfile %s cannot be accessed", p->pack_name);
+ continue;
+ }
found_offset = offset;
found_pack = p;
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index 607c2ea..a723670 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -1014,6 +1014,7 @@ extern struct packed_git *add_packed_git(const char *, int, int);
extern const unsigned char *nth_packed_object_sha1(struct packed_git *, uint32_t);
extern off_t nth_packed_object_offset(const struct packed_git *, uint32_t);
extern off_t find_pack_entry_one(const unsigned char *, struct packed_git *);
+extern int is_pack_valid(struct packed_git *);
extern void *unpack_entry(struct packed_git *, off_t, enum object_type *, unsigned long *);
extern unsigned long unpack_object_header_buffer(const unsigned char *buf, unsigned long len, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *sizep);
extern unsigned long get_size_from_delta(struct packed_git *, struct pack_window **, off_t);
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index e002056..133aa4f 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -1984,7 +1984,7 @@ off_t find_pack_entry_one(const unsigned char *sha1,
return 0;
-static int is_pack_valid(struct packed_git *p)
+int is_pack_valid(struct packed_git *p)
/* An already open pack is known to be valid. */
if (p->pack_fd != -1)