diff options
authorRené Scharfe <>2017-09-12 22:43:57 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2017-09-14 06:08:22 (GMT)
commit43180940473cdafa95eb6b63b0efa9e36ac905da (patch)
parent5ff247ac0cc9b2d09c8c24bd0c8df12eed94aebc (diff)
archive: don't add empty directories to archives
While git doesn't track empty directories, git archive can be tricked into putting some into archives. One way is to construct an empty tree object, as t5004 does. While that is supported by the object database, it can't be represented in the index and thus it's unlikely to occur in the wild. Another way is using the literal name of a directory in an exclude pathspec -- its contents are are excluded, but the directory stub is included. That's inconsistent: exclude pathspecs containing wildcards don't leave empty directories in the archive. Yet another way is have a few levels of nested subdirectories (e.g. d1/d2/d3/file1) and ignoring the entries at the leaves (e.g. file1). The directories with the ignored content are ignored as well (e.g. d3), but their empty parents are included (e.g. d2). As empty directories are not supported by git, they should also not be written into archives. If an empty directory is really needed then it can be tracked and archived by placing an empty .gitignore file in it. There already is a mechanism in place for suppressing empty directories. When read_tree_recursive() encounters a directory excluded by a pathspec then it enters it anyway because it might contain included entries. It calls the callback function before it is able to decide if the directory is actually needed. For that reason git archive adds directories to a queue and writes entries for them only when it encounters the first child item -- but currently only if pathspecs with wildcards are used. Queue *all* directories, no matter if there even are pathspecs present. This prevents git archive from writing entries for empty directories in all cases. Suggested-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Rene Scharfe <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
4 files changed, 6 insertions, 21 deletions
diff --git a/archive.c b/archive.c
index 2ad7e6c..f81bd36 100644
--- a/archive.c
+++ b/archive.c
@@ -121,11 +121,6 @@ static int check_attr_export_subst(const struct attr_check *check)
return check && ATTR_TRUE(check->items[1].value);
-static int should_queue_directories(const struct archiver_args *args)
- return args->pathspec.has_wildcard;
static int write_archive_entry(const unsigned char *sha1, const char *base,
int baselen, const char *filename, unsigned mode, int stage,
void *context)
@@ -147,7 +142,7 @@ static int write_archive_entry(const unsigned char *sha1, const char *base,
strbuf_addch(&path, '/');
path_without_prefix = path.buf + args->baselen;
- if (!S_ISDIR(mode) || !should_queue_directories(args)) {
+ if (!S_ISDIR(mode)) {
const struct attr_check *check;
check = get_archive_attrs(path_without_prefix);
if (check_attr_export_ignore(check))
@@ -169,14 +164,6 @@ static int write_archive_entry(const unsigned char *sha1, const char *base,
return write_entry(args, sha1, path.buf, path.len, mode);
-static int write_archive_entry_buf(const unsigned char *sha1, struct strbuf *base,
- const char *filename, unsigned mode, int stage,
- void *context)
- return write_archive_entry(sha1, base->buf, base->len,
- filename, mode, stage, context);
static void queue_directory(const unsigned char *sha1,
struct strbuf *base, const char *filename,
unsigned mode, int stage, struct archiver_context *c)
@@ -290,9 +277,7 @@ int write_archive_entries(struct archiver_args *args,
err = read_tree_recursive(args->tree, "", 0, 0, &args->pathspec,
- should_queue_directories(args) ?
- queue_or_write_archive_entry :
- write_archive_entry_buf,
+ queue_or_write_archive_entry,
err = 0;
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index 897f6f0..e9aa971 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ test_expect_missing archive-pathspec/ignored-by-tree
test_expect_missing archive-pathspec/ignored-by-tree.d
test_expect_missing archive-pathspec/ignored-by-tree.d/file
test_expect_exists archive-pathspec/ignored-by-worktree
-test_expect_missing archive-pathspec/excluded-by-pathspec.d failure
+test_expect_missing archive-pathspec/excluded-by-pathspec.d
test_expect_missing archive-pathspec/excluded-by-pathspec.d/file
test_expect_success 'git archive with wildcard pathspec' '
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index 6667d15..bda6d7d 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ test_expect_missing archive/deep/and/slashless/ &&
test_expect_missing archive/deep/and/slashless/foo &&
test_expect_missing archive/deep/with/wildcard/ &&
test_expect_missing archive/deep/with/wildcard/foo &&
-test_expect_exists archive/one-level-lower/
+test_expect_missing archive/one-level-lower/
test_expect_missing archive/one-level-lower/two-levels-lower/ignored-only-if-dir/
test_expect_missing archive/one-level-lower/two-levels-lower/ignored-ony-if-dir/ignored-by-ignored-dir
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index f6207f4..ced4435 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -108,14 +108,14 @@ test_expect_success 'archive empty subtree with no pathspec' '
git archive --format=tar $root_tree >subtree-all.tar &&
make_dir extract &&
"$TAR" xf subtree-all.tar -C extract &&
- check_dir extract sub
+ check_dir extract
test_expect_success 'archive empty subtree by direct pathspec' '
git archive --format=tar $root_tree -- sub >subtree-path.tar &&
make_dir extract &&
"$TAR" xf subtree-path.tar -C extract &&
- check_dir extract sub
+ check_dir extract