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authorJohannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>2005-10-13 18:36:37 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>2005-10-13 18:36:37 (GMT)
commit2ae6c706749b44f05917fcd04037f545d16fb345 (patch)
tree54eb87ca717665e53be38879ae82c42387671ac0
parent257380896fa4d11f6b6d7773f18c153001a95b60 (diff)
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Adapt tutorial to cygwin and add test case
Lacking reliable symlinks, the instructions in the tutorial did not work in a cygwin setup. Also, a few outputs were not correct. This patch fixes these, and adds a test case which follows the instructions of the tutorial (except git-clone, -fetch and -push, which I have not done yet). Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/tutorial.txt71
-rw-r--r--t/t1200-tutorial.sh160
2 files changed, 212 insertions, 19 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/tutorial.txt b/Documentation/tutorial.txt
index 36f42e0..00f4bab 100644
--- a/Documentation/tutorial.txt
+++ b/Documentation/tutorial.txt
@@ -52,7 +52,9 @@ your new project. You will now have a `.git` directory, and you can
inspect that with `ls`. For your new empty project, it should show you
three entries, among other things:
- - a symlink called `HEAD`, pointing to `refs/heads/master`
+ - a symlink called `HEAD`, pointing to `refs/heads/master` (if your
+ platform does not have native symlinks, it is a file containing the
+ line "ref: refs/heads/master")
+
Don't worry about the fact that the file that the `HEAD` link points to
doesn't even exist yet -- you haven't created the commit that will
@@ -228,6 +230,7 @@ which will spit out
------------
diff --git a/hello b/hello
+index 557db03..263414f 100644
--- a/hello
+++ b/hello
@@ -1 +1,2 @@
@@ -290,13 +293,14 @@ also wants to get a commit message
on its standard input, and it will write out the resulting object name for the
commit to its standard output.
-And this is where we start using the `.git/HEAD` file. The `HEAD` file is
+And this is where we create the `.git/refs/heads/master` file. This file is
supposed to contain the reference to the top-of-tree, and since that's
exactly what `git-commit-tree` spits out, we can do this all with a simple
shell pipeline:
------------------------------------------------
-echo "Initial commit" | git-commit-tree $(git-write-tree) > .git/HEAD
+echo "Initial commit" | \
+ git-commit-tree $(git-write-tree) > .git/refs/heads/master
------------------------------------------------
which will say:
@@ -692,7 +696,9 @@ other point in the history than the current `HEAD`, you can do so by
just telling `git checkout` what the base of the checkout would be.
In other words, if you have an earlier tag or branch, you'd just do
- git checkout -b mybranch earlier-commit
+------------
+git checkout -b mybranch earlier-commit
+------------
and it would create the new branch `mybranch` at the earlier commit,
and check out the state at that time.
@@ -700,17 +706,29 @@ and check out the state at that time.
You can always just jump back to your original `master` branch by doing
- git checkout master
+------------
+git checkout master
+------------
(or any other branch-name, for that matter) and if you forget which
branch you happen to be on, a simple
- ls -l .git/HEAD
+------------
+ls -l .git/HEAD
+------------
-will tell you where it's pointing. To get the list of branches
-you have, you can say
+will tell you where it's pointing (Note that on platforms with bad or no
+symlink support, you have to execute
- git branch
+------------
+cat .git/HEAD
+------------
+
+instead). To get the list of branches you have, you can say
+
+------------
+git branch
+------------
which is nothing more than a simple script around `ls .git/refs/heads`.
There will be asterisk in front of the branch you are currently on.
@@ -718,7 +736,9 @@ There will be asterisk in front of the branch you are currently on.
Sometimes you may wish to create a new branch _without_ actually
checking it out and switching to it. If so, just use the command
- git branch <branchname> [startingpoint]
+------------
+git branch <branchname> [startingpoint]
+------------
which will simply _create_ the branch, but will not do anything further.
You can then later -- once you decide that you want to actually develop
@@ -844,7 +864,6 @@ $ git show-branch master mybranch
! [mybranch] Some work.
--
+ [master] Merged "mybranch" changes.
-+ [master~1] Some fun.
++ [mybranch] Some work.
------------------------------------------------
@@ -871,8 +890,10 @@ Now, let's pretend you are the one who did all the work in
to the `master` branch. Let's go back to `mybranch`, and run
resolve to get the "upstream changes" back to your branch.
- git checkout mybranch
- git resolve HEAD master "Merge upstream changes."
+------------
+git checkout mybranch
+git resolve HEAD master "Merge upstream changes."
+------------
This outputs something like this (the actual commit object names
would be different)
@@ -1088,13 +1109,17 @@ i.e. `<project>.git`. Let's create such a public repository for
project `my-git`. After logging into the remote machine, create
an empty directory:
- mkdir my-git.git
+------------
+mkdir my-git.git
+------------
Then, make that directory into a GIT repository by running
`git init-db`, but this time, since its name is not the usual
`.git`, we do things slightly differently:
- GIT_DIR=my-git.git git-init-db
+------------
+GIT_DIR=my-git.git git-init-db
+------------
Make sure this directory is available for others you want your
changes to be pulled by via the transport of your choice. Also
@@ -1118,7 +1143,9 @@ Your "public repository" is now ready to accept your changes.
Come back to the machine you have your private repository. From
there, run this command:
- git push <public-host>:/path/to/my-git.git master
+------------
+git push <public-host>:/path/to/my-git.git master
+------------
This synchronizes your public repository to match the named
branch head (i.e. `master` in this case) and objects reachable
@@ -1128,7 +1155,9 @@ As a real example, this is how I update my public git
repository. Kernel.org mirror network takes care of the
propagation to other publicly visible machines:
- git push master.kernel.org:/pub/scm/git/git.git/
+------------
+git push master.kernel.org:/pub/scm/git/git.git/
+------------
Packing your repository
@@ -1141,7 +1170,9 @@ not so convenient to transport over the network. Since git objects are
immutable once they are created, there is a way to optimize the
storage by "packing them together". The command
- git repack
+------------
+git repack
+------------
will do it for you. If you followed the tutorial examples, you
would have accumulated about 17 objects in `.git/objects/??/`
@@ -1165,7 +1196,9 @@ Our programs are always perfect ;-).
Once you have packed objects, you do not need to leave the
unpacked objects that are contained in the pack file anymore.
- git prune-packed
+------------
+git prune-packed
+------------
would remove them for you.
diff --git a/t/t1200-tutorial.sh b/t/t1200-tutorial.sh
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..35db799
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t1200-tutorial.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,160 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2005 Johannes Schindelin
+#
+
+test_description='Test git-rev-parse with different parent options'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+echo "Hello World" > hello
+echo "Silly example" > example
+
+git-update-index --add hello example
+
+test_expect_success 'blob' "test blob = \"$(git-cat-file -t 557db03)\""
+
+test_expect_success 'blob 557db03' "test \"Hello World\" = \"$(git-cat-file blob 557db03)\""
+
+echo "It's a new day for git" >>hello
+cat > diff.expect << EOF
+diff --git a/hello b/hello
+index 557db03..263414f 100644
+--- a/hello
++++ b/hello
+@@ -1 +1,2 @@
+ Hello World
++It's a new day for git
+EOF
+git-diff-files -p > diff.output
+test_expect_success 'git-diff-files -p' 'cmp diff.expect diff.output'
+git diff > diff.output
+test_expect_success 'git diff' 'cmp diff.expect diff.output'
+
+tree=$(git-write-tree 2>/dev/null)
+
+test_expect_success 'tree' "test 8988da15d077d4829fc51d8544c097def6644dbb = $tree"
+
+output="$(echo "Initial commit" | git-commit-tree $(git-write-tree) 2>&1 > .git/refs/heads/master)"
+
+test_expect_success 'commit' "test 'Committing initial tree 8988da15d077d4829fc51d8544c097def6644dbb' = \"$output\""
+
+git-diff-index -p HEAD > diff.output
+test_expect_success 'git-diff-index -p HEAD' 'cmp diff.expect diff.output'
+
+git diff HEAD > diff.output
+test_expect_success 'git diff HEAD' 'cmp diff.expect diff.output'
+
+#rm hello
+#test_expect_success 'git-read-tree --reset HEAD' "git-read-tree --reset HEAD ; test \"hello: needs update\" = \"$(git-update-index --refresh)\""
+
+cat > whatchanged.expect << EOF
+diff-tree VARIABLE (from root)
+Author: VARIABLE
+Date: VARIABLE
+
+ Initial commit
+
+diff --git a/example b/example
+new file mode 100644
+index 0000000..f24c74a
+--- /dev/null
++++ b/example
+@@ -0,0 +1 @@
++Silly example
+diff --git a/hello b/hello
+new file mode 100644
+index 0000000..557db03
+--- /dev/null
++++ b/hello
+@@ -0,0 +1 @@
++Hello World
+EOF
+
+git-whatchanged -p --root | \
+ sed -e "1s/^\(.\{10\}\).\{40\}/\1VARIABLE/" \
+ -e "2,3s/^\(.\{8\}\).*$/\1VARIABLE/" \
+> whatchanged.output
+test_expect_success 'git-whatchanged -p --root' 'cmp whatchanged.expect whatchanged.output'
+
+git tag my-first-tag
+test_expect_success 'git tag my-first-tag' 'cmp .git/refs/heads/master .git/refs/tags/my-first-tag'
+
+# TODO: test git-clone
+
+git checkout -b mybranch
+test_expect_success 'git checkout -b mybranch' 'cmp .git/refs/heads/master .git/refs/heads/mybranch'
+
+cat > branch.expect <<EOF
+ master
+* mybranch
+EOF
+
+git branch > branch.output
+test_expect_success 'git branch' 'cmp branch.expect branch.output'
+
+git checkout mybranch
+echo "Work, work, work" >>hello
+git commit -m 'Some work.' hello
+
+git checkout master
+
+echo "Play, play, play" >>hello
+echo "Lots of fun" >>example
+git commit -m 'Some fun.' hello example
+
+test_expect_failure 'git resolve now fails' 'git resolve HEAD mybranch "Merge work in mybranch"'
+
+cat > hello << EOF
+Hello World
+It's a new day for git
+Play, play, play
+Work, work, work
+EOF
+
+git commit -m 'Merged "mybranch" changes.' hello
+
+cat > show-branch.expect << EOF
+* [master] Merged "mybranch" changes.
+ ! [mybranch] Some work.
+--
++ [master] Merged "mybranch" changes.
+++ [mybranch] Some work.
+EOF
+
+git show-branch master mybranch > show-branch.output
+test_expect_success 'git show-branch' 'cmp show-branch.expect show-branch.output'
+
+git checkout mybranch
+
+cat > resolve.expect << EOF
+Updating from VARIABLE to VARIABLE.
+ example | 1 +
+ hello | 1 +
+ 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
+EOF
+
+git resolve HEAD master "Merge upstream changes." | \
+ sed -e "1s/[0-9a-f]\{40\}/VARIABLE/g" > resolve.output
+test_expect_success 'git resolve' 'cmp resolve.expect resolve.output'
+
+cat > show-branch2.expect << EOF
+! [master] Merged "mybranch" changes.
+ * [mybranch] Merged "mybranch" changes.
+--
+++ [master] Merged "mybranch" changes.
+EOF
+
+git show-branch master mybranch > show-branch2.output
+test_expect_success 'git show-branch' 'cmp show-branch2.expect show-branch2.output'
+
+# TODO: test git fetch
+
+# TODO: test git push
+
+test_expect_success 'git repack' 'git repack'
+test_expect_success 'git prune-packed' 'git prune-packed'
+test_expect_failure '-> only packed objects' 'find -type f .git/objects/[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]'
+
+test_done
+