diff options
authorJeff King <>2016-08-11 09:24:35 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2016-08-11 17:42:23 (GMT)
commit27b5c1a0653026645bd6908ee5abfdceb1c95082 (patch)
parent56dfeb62638760fa78a442a97f19abf1af374d29 (diff)
provide an initializer for "struct object_info"
An all-zero initializer is fine for this struct, but because the first element is a pointer, call sites need to know to use "NULL" instead of "0". Otherwise some static checkers like "sparse" will complain; see d099b71 (Fix some sparse warnings, 2013-07-18) for example. So let's provide an initializer to make this easier to get right. But let's also comment that memset() to zero is explicitly OK[1]. One of the callers embeds object_info in another struct which is initialized via memset (expand_data in builtin/cat-file.c). Since our subset of C doesn't allow assignment from a compound literal, handling this in any other way is awkward, so we'd like to keep the ability to initialize by memset(). By documenting this property, it should make anybody who wants to change the initializer think twice before doing so. There's one other caller of interest. In parse_sha1_header(), we did not initialize the struct fully in the first place. This turned out not to be a bug because the sub-function it calls does not look at any other fields except the ones we did initialize. But that assumption might not hold in the future, so it's a dangerous construct. This patch switches it to initializing the whole struct, which protects us against unexpected reads of the other fields. [1] Obviously using memset() to initialize a pointer violates the C standard, but we long ago decided that it was an acceptable tradeoff in the real world. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
4 files changed, 12 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/builtin/cat-file.c b/builtin/cat-file.c
index 618103f..8e57998 100644
--- a/builtin/cat-file.c
+++ b/builtin/cat-file.c
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ static int cat_one_file(int opt, const char *exp_type, const char *obj_name,
char *buf;
unsigned long size;
struct object_context obj_context;
- struct object_info oi = {NULL};
+ struct object_info oi = OBJECT_INFO_INIT;
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
unsigned flags = LOOKUP_REPLACE_OBJECT;
@@ -378,8 +378,7 @@ static int batch_objects(struct batch_options *opt)
data.mark_query = 0;
if (opt->all_objects) {
- struct object_info empty;
- memset(&empty, 0, sizeof(empty));
+ struct object_info empty = OBJECT_INFO_INIT;
if (!memcmp(&, &empty, sizeof(empty)))
data.skip_object_info = 1;
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index 40671d1..1fa2871 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -1542,6 +1542,13 @@ struct object_info {
} packed;
} u;
+ * Initializer for a "struct object_info" that wants no items. You may
+ * also memset() the memory to all-zeroes.
+ */
extern int sha1_object_info_extended(const unsigned char *, struct object_info *, unsigned flags);
/* Dumb servers support */
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index 4eb3318..090cedb 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -1730,11 +1730,9 @@ static int parse_sha1_header_extended(const char *hdr, struct object_info *oi,
int parse_sha1_header(const char *hdr, unsigned long *sizep)
- struct object_info oi;
+ struct object_info oi = OBJECT_INFO_INIT;
oi.sizep = sizep;
- oi.typename = NULL;
- oi.typep = NULL;
return parse_sha1_header_extended(hdr, &oi, LOOKUP_REPLACE_OBJECT);
@@ -2738,7 +2736,7 @@ int sha1_object_info_extended(const unsigned char *sha1, struct object_info *oi,
int sha1_object_info(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *sizep)
enum object_type type;
- struct object_info oi = {NULL};
+ struct object_info oi = OBJECT_INFO_INIT;
oi.typep = &type;
oi.sizep = sizep;
diff --git a/streaming.c b/streaming.c
index 811fcc2..431254b 100644
--- a/streaming.c
+++ b/streaming.c
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ struct git_istream *open_istream(const unsigned char *sha1,
struct stream_filter *filter)
struct git_istream *st;
- struct object_info oi = {NULL};
+ struct object_info oi = OBJECT_INFO_INIT;
const unsigned char *real = lookup_replace_object(sha1);
enum input_source src = istream_source(real, type, &oi);