diff options
authorJeff King <>2016-01-26 03:00:05 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <>2016-01-26 21:34:10 (GMT)
commit0571979bd60837d3c0802ecc1a47c48b4a6114d0 (patch)
parent1d094db936331abc42d859269181272a8539c7ae (diff)
tag: do not show ambiguous tag names as "tags/foo"
Since b7cc53e9 (tag.c: use 'ref-filter' APIs, 2015-07-11), git-tag has started showing tags with ambiguous names (i.e., when both "heads/foo" and "tags/foo" exists) as "tags/foo" instead of just "foo". This is both: - pointless; the output of "git tag" includes only refs/tags, so we know that "foo" means the one in "refs/tags". and - ambiguous; in the original output, we know that the line "foo" means that "refs/tags/foo" exists. In the new output, it is unclear whether we mean "refs/tags/foo" or "refs/tags/tags/foo". The reason this happens is that commit b7cc53e9 switched git-tag to use ref-filter's "%(refname:short)" output formatting, which was adapted from for-each-ref. This more general code does not know that we care only about tags, and uses shorten_unambiguous_ref to get the short-name. We need to tell it that we care only about "refs/tags/", and it should shorten with respect to that value. In theory, the ref-filter code could figure this out by us passing FILTER_REFS_TAGS. But there are two complications there: 1. The handling of refname:short is deep in formatting code that does not even have our ref_filter struct, let alone the arguments to the filter_ref struct. 2. In git v2.7.0, we expose the formatting language to the user. If we follow this path, it will mean that "%(refname:short)" behaves differently for "tag" versus "for-each-ref" (including "for-each-ref refs/tags/"), which can lead to confusion. Instead, let's add a new modifier to the formatting language, "strip", to remove a specific set of prefix components. This fixes "git tag", and lets users invoke the same behavior from their own custom formats (for "tag" or "for-each-ref") while leaving ":short" with its same consistent meaning in all places. We introduce a test in t7004 for "git tag", which fails without this patch. We also add a similar test in t3203 for "git branch", which does not actually fail. But since it is likely that "branch" will eventually use the same formatting code, the test helps defend against future regressions. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
7 files changed, 62 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
index c6f073c..d5e1781 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-for-each-ref.txt
@@ -92,7 +92,11 @@ refname::
The name of the ref (the part after $GIT_DIR/).
For a non-ambiguous short name of the ref append `:short`.
The option core.warnAmbiguousRefs is used to select the strict
- abbreviation mode.
+ abbreviation mode. If `strip=<N>` is appended, strips `<N>`
+ slash-separated path components from the front of the refname
+ (e.g., `%(refname:strip=2)` turns `refs/tags/foo` into `foo`.
+ `<N>` must be a positive integer. If a displayed ref has fewer
+ components than `<N>`, the command aborts with an error.
The type of the object (`blob`, `tree`, `commit`, `tag`).
diff --git a/Documentation/git-tag.txt b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
index 7220e5e..abab481 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-tag.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-tag.txt
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ This option is only applicable when listing tags without annotation lines.
A string that interpolates `%(fieldname)` from the object
pointed at by a ref being shown. The format is the same as
that of linkgit:git-for-each-ref[1]. When unspecified,
- defaults to `%(refname:short)`.
+ defaults to `%(refname:strip=2)`.
--[no-]merged [<commit>]::
Only list tags whose tips are reachable, or not reachable
diff --git a/builtin/tag.c b/builtin/tag.c
index 8db8c87..1705c94 100644
--- a/builtin/tag.c
+++ b/builtin/tag.c
@@ -44,11 +44,11 @@ static int list_tags(struct ref_filter *filter, struct ref_sorting *sorting, con
if (!format) {
if (filter->lines) {
to_free = xstrfmt("%s %%(contents:lines=%d)",
- "%(align:15)%(refname:short)%(end)",
+ "%(align:15)%(refname:strip=2)%(end)",
format = to_free;
} else
- format = "%(refname:short)";
+ format = "%(refname:strip=2)";
diff --git a/ref-filter.c b/ref-filter.c
index 7bef7f8..f097176 100644
--- a/ref-filter.c
+++ b/ref-filter.c
@@ -763,6 +763,29 @@ static inline char *copy_advance(char *dst, const char *src)
return dst;
+static const char *strip_ref_components(const char *refname, const char *nr_arg)
+ char *end;
+ long nr = strtol(nr_arg, &end, 10);
+ long remaining = nr;
+ const char *start = refname;
+ if (nr < 1 || *end != '\0')
+ die(":strip= requires a positive integer argument");
+ while (remaining) {
+ switch (*start++) {
+ case '\0':
+ die("ref '%s' does not have %ld components to :strip",
+ refname, nr);
+ case '/':
+ remaining--;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ return start;
* Parse the object referred by ref, and grab needed value.
@@ -909,11 +932,14 @@ static void populate_value(struct ref_array_item *ref)
formatp = strchr(name, ':');
if (formatp) {
int num_ours, num_theirs;
+ const char *arg;
if (!strcmp(formatp, "short"))
refname = shorten_unambiguous_ref(refname,
+ else if (skip_prefix(formatp, "strip=", &arg))
+ refname = strip_ref_components(refname, arg);
else if (!strcmp(formatp, "track") &&
(starts_with(name, "upstream") ||
starts_with(name, "push"))) {
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index d3913f9..4261403 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -176,4 +176,12 @@ test_expect_success 'git branch --points-at option' '
test_cmp expect actual
+test_expect_success 'ambiguous branch/tag not marked' '
+ git tag ambiguous &&
+ git branch ambiguous &&
+ echo " ambiguous" >expect &&
+ git branch --list ambiguous >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index 859b237..19a2823 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -50,6 +50,8 @@ test_atom() {
test_atom head refname refs/heads/master
test_atom head refname:short master
+test_atom head refname:strip=1 heads/master
+test_atom head refname:strip=2 master
test_atom head upstream refs/remotes/origin/master
test_atom head upstream:short origin/master
test_atom head push refs/remotes/myfork/master
@@ -132,6 +134,16 @@ test_expect_success 'Check invalid atoms names are errors' '
test_must_fail git for-each-ref --format="%(INVALID)" refs/heads
+test_expect_success 'arguments to :strip must be positive integers' '
+ test_must_fail git for-each-ref --format="%(refname:strip=0)" &&
+ test_must_fail git for-each-ref --format="%(refname:strip=-1)" &&
+ test_must_fail git for-each-ref --format="%(refname:strip=foo)"
+test_expect_success 'stripping refnames too far gives an error' '
+ test_must_fail git for-each-ref --format="%(refname:strip=3)"
test_expect_success 'Check format specifiers are ignored in naming date atoms' '
git for-each-ref --format="%(authordate)" refs/heads &&
git for-each-ref --format="%(authordate:default) %(authordate)" refs/heads &&
diff --git a/t/ b/t/
index 3dd2f51..c64579f 100755
--- a/t/
+++ b/t/
@@ -1558,4 +1558,12 @@ test_expect_success '--no-merged show unmerged tags' '
test_cmp expect actual
+test_expect_success 'ambiguous branch/tags not marked' '
+ git tag ambiguous &&
+ git branch ambiguous &&
+ echo ambiguous >expect &&
+ git tag -l ambiguous >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual