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authorJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2021-07-15 16:25:27 (GMT)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>2021-07-16 18:35:46 (GMT)
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CodingGuidelines: recommend gender-neutral description
Technical writing seeks to convey information with minimal friction. One way that a reader can experience friction is if they encounter a description of "a user" that is later simplified using a gendered pronoun. If the reader does not consider that pronoun to apply to them, then they can experience cognitive dissonance that removes focus from the information. Give some basic tips to guide us avoid unnecessary uses of gendered description. Using a gendered pronoun is appropriate when referring to a specific person. There are acceptable existing uses of gendered pronouns within the Git codebase, such as: * References to real people (e.g. Linus Torvalds, "the Git maintainer"). Do not misgender real people. If there is any doubt to the gender of a person, then avoid using pronouns. * References to fictional people with clear genders (e.g. Alice and Bob). * Sample text used in test cases (e.g t3702, t6432). * The official text of the GPL license contains uses of "he or she", but using singular "they" (or modifying the text in some other way) is not within the scope of the Git project. * Literal email messages in Documentation/howto/ should not be edited for grammatical concerns such as this, unless we update the entire document to fit the standard documentation format. If such an effort is taken on, then the authorship would change and no longer refer to the exact mail message. * External projects consumed in contrib/ should not deviate solely for style reasons. Recommended edits should be contributed to those projects directly. Other cases within the Git project were cleaned up by the previous changes. Co-authored-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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@@ -541,6 +541,51 @@ Writing Documentation:
documentation, please see the documentation-related advice in the
Documentation/SubmittingPatches file).
+ In order to ensure the documentation is inclusive, avoid assuming
+ that an unspecified example person is male or female, and think
+ twice before using "he", "him", "she", or "her". Here are some
+ tips to avoid use of gendered pronouns:
+
+ - Prefer succinctness and matter-of-factly describing functionality
+ in the abstract. E.g.
+
+ --short:: Emit output in the short-format.
+
+ and avoid something like these overly verbose alternatives:
+
+ --short:: Use this to emit output in the short-format.
+ --short:: You can use this to get output in the short-format.
+ --short:: A user who prefers shorter output could....
+ --short:: Should a person and/or program want shorter output, he
+ she/they/it can...
+
+ This practice often eliminates the need to involve human actors in
+ your description, but it is a good practice regardless of the
+ avoidance of gendered pronouns.
+
+ - When it becomes awkward to stick to this style, prefer "you" when
+ addressing the the hypothetical user, and possibly "we" when
+ discussing how the program might react to the user. E.g.
+
+ You can use this option instead of --xyz, but we might remove
+ support for it in future versions.
+
+ while keeping in mind that you can probably be less verbose, e.g.
+
+ Use this instead of --xyz. This option might be removed in future
+ versions.
+
+ - If you still need to refer to an example person that is
+ third-person singular, you may resort to "singular they" to avoid
+ "he/she/him/her", e.g.
+
+ A contributor asks their upstream to pull from them.
+
+ Note that this sounds ungrammatical and unnatural to those who
+ learned that "they" is only used for third-person plural, e.g.
+ those who learn English as a second language in some parts of the
+ world.
+
Every user-visible change should be reflected in the documentation.
The same general rule as for code applies -- imitate the existing
conventions.